Robert H. MacArthur

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Robert H. MacArthur ( Robert Helmer MacArthur ; born April 7, 1930 in Toronto , † November 1, 1972 ) was an American ecologist who has made significant contributions in the areas of community ecology , population ecology and theoretical biology . As a student of George Evelyn Hutchinson , he played an important role in developing theories of ecological niches . Together with Edward O. Wilson , he wrote The Theory of Island Biogeography (see Inselbiogeographie ), a work that had a significant influence on the field of biogeography , advanced the ecology of communities and ultimately led to the development of modern landscape ecology . The emphasis on statistical tests as a method within his work contributed to the development of ecology from a primarily ideographic to a nomothetic science, which gave important impulses to the development of theoretical ecology . In 1962 MacArthur was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences , in 1969 to the National Academy of Sciences .


  • with Edward O. Wilson : An equilibrium theory of insular zoogeography. In: evolution. 17, 1963, pp. 373-387
  • with Joseph H. Connell: The Biology of Populations. Wiley, 1966
    • Populations Biology. BLV-Verlagsgesellschaft, Munich / Basel / Vienna 1970, ISBN 3-405-10883-7
  • with Edward O. Wilson: The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press, 1967
  • Geographical Ecology. Harper and Row, 1972


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ MacArthur, Robert H. ,