Rocher you diamond

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rocher you diamond
Rocher du Diamant as seen from Martinique
Rocher du Diamant as seen from Martinique
Waters Caribbean
Archipelago Leeward Islands , Windward Islands
Geographical location 14 ° 26 '36 "  N , 61 ° 2' 21"  W Coordinates: 14 ° 26 '36 "  N , 61 ° 2' 21"  W
Rocher du Diamant (Martinique)
Rocher you diamond
length 324 m
width 290 m
surface 7 ha
Highest elevation Rocher du Diamant
175  m
Residents uninhabited
The rock on an old painting
The rock on an old painting

Rocher du Diamant ( French diamond rock ) is the name of a small island in the Caribbean off the southwest coast of Martinique .


The basalt rock, which is only 290 by 324 meters (around 7 hectares), juts 175 meters out of the sea. It is 1.9 km southeast of the Pointe du Diamant and 1.7 km from the nearest coast of the main island Martinique south of the village of l'Anse Caffar, and belongs to the municipality of Le Diamant .


The rock played a role in the Napoleonic Wars . In 1804 the British under Samuel Hood occupied the island and built it into a fortress with a garrison of over 100 men and five cannons. The Rocher du Diamant was even listed as a sloop HMS Diamond Rock in the Royal Navy register.

This battery hindered shipping between Martinique and St. Lucia for 17 months . Admiral Pierre de Villeneuve , who was sent to the Caribbean in 1805 , prepared the reconquest of the island. The fortification of the Rocher du Diamant was attacked by a Franco-Spanish fleet of 16 ships and the cisterns were destroyed. The British garrison surrendered on June 3, 1805.

This event was later used in novels, including Ramage's Diamond by Dudley Pope .


Vivian Stuart, George Teeple Eggleston: His Majesty's Sloop-of-War. Diamond rock . Hale, London 1978.

Web links

Commons : Diamond Rock  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files