Rosina Viva

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Rosina Viva , also Rosina Vautier , (born August 20, 1899 in Anacapri , † 1983 ibid) was an Italian painter of naive art .


The young Capres woman Rosina Viva began to paint as a painter model on the advice of the painter Otto Sohn-Rethel with brushes and paints that were given as gifts. With Raffaele Castello she was probably among the only Italians who had visited the upper rooms of the artistic Villa Lina von Sohn-Rethel for meetings . At the beginning of the 20th century, the Villa Lina was a center for the foreign community and intellectuals on Capri , a meeting place and contact point for Düsseldorf's cultural circles , as well as for German avant-garde art. On the first floor of the villa there was a gallery for exhibitions of passing artists. Among the guests was the Swiss Benjamin Vautier, a grandson of the painter Benjamin Vautier , who fell in love with the young painter, married her in 1925 and wanted to stay in Anacapri. It seems that Rosina, now Vautier, had put her brushes aside during the years of married life on the island.

When the Second World War broke out , she went to Switzerland with her husband, stayed in Zurich from 1943 to 1945 , and later in Montreux . Driven by homesickness, Rosina Vautier began to paint again.

"When the wife of a Swiss Abroad who involuntarily returned to Zurich from Italy, who was born on the Italian island of Capri, suddenly found herself in her second home, after she hadn't touched a brush since she was a girl - which she had previously done without professional intentions - small but in hers Art begins to paint great masterpieces, in which she vaults the most secluded sanctuary to her inexpressible homesickness for Italy, Naples and Capri, if one simply asked to do it with a somewhat Vesuvian outburst of her indomitable longing, with a kind that cools down in the crystalline form of works of art Lava penetration of your subconscious into your consciousness, or do you have to call for a miracle? "( Max Eichenberger : Kulturelle Monatsschrift, Issue 3, 1945)

In 1952, Sei Tavole ai Colori was published , a color reproduction of her paintings from 1949 to 1951. At the end of 1953, the gallery owner Hella Nebelung organized an exhibition in Düsseldorf . In 1955 Rosina Viva had a solo exhibition with her pictures at the Kunsthaus Zürich and in 1958 at the Galerie Läubli .

In 1985 the municipality of Anacapri awarded the art historian Ernst Gombrich the “Rosina Viva Prize”, named after her, for the Italian translation The Sense of Order - A Study in the Psychology of Decorative Art .

Works (selection)

  • Il pescatore (fisherman), 1949
  • Caprile , 1949
  • Vaso con Anthurium (Vase with Anthuriums), 1951
  • Living Room (Living Room)
  • Il girasole (sunflower), 1951
  • Signora allo specchio (Woman at the Mirror), 1951
  • Fiori sul mare (Flowers by the Sea), 1951
  • Panorama di Capri , 1951
  • La Luna su Sorrento (moon over Sorrento)
  • Red House on the Gulf


  • Emma Scaramuzza: Rosina Viva. La naive intellettuale di Capri. Piccolo Parnaso (Ed.), Limited edition of 500 pieces. Naples 1992.

Individual evidence

  1. Rosina Viva. In: SikartTemplate: SIKART / Lemma not specified
  2. Biography Rosina Viva (Italian) , on, accessed on May 27, 2016.
  3. ^ Max Eichenberger: Artists who fled to us. In: Kulturelle Monatsschrift, issue 3, 1945 (PDF), from May 27, 2016.
  4. Figure Rosina Viva: sei tavole a colori. Edizioni del Militias, Milan 1952.
  5. November 29, 1953 - January 1, 1954: Rosina Viva (Naples) , in the history of the inventory designer Hella Nebelung, Chronology of the exhibitions, on, accessed on May 27, 2016.
  6. Rosina Viva, catalog Kunsthaus Örlikon, published for the exhibition: Zurich, Kunsthaus, April 30 to May 30, 1955 , on, accessed on May 27, 2016.
  7. Exhibition calendar : Galerie Läubli, Zurich, April 14 - May 2, 1958, Rosina Viva (PDF) , in the magazine (Das) Werk. Issue 4, 1958, accessed on May 27, 2016.
  8. ^ Ernst Gombrich, in Awards, Honors: Rosina Viva Prize of the Commune of Anacapri, 1985 , on, accessed May 27, 2016.
  9. Image: Vaso con Anthurium
  10. Image: Living Room