Rudolf Schindler (doctor)

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Rudolf Schindler (born May 10, 1888 in Berlin , † September 6, 1968 in Munich ) was a German gastroenterologist . He is considered the father of gastroscopy .


Rudolf Schindler was born in Berlin in 1888 as the son of a Jewish banker; his non-Jewish mother was artistically gifted. After studying medicine in Berlin and Freiburg and after completing his doctorate in 1912, Schindler took part in the First World War from 1914 . During the war he fell ill with severe dysentery . He completed his internist training at the 2nd Medical Clinic at the Munich-Schwabing Municipal Hospital with Otto Neubauer. In 1924 he set up his own practice in Munich with a focus on endoscopy .

Schindler dealt with gastroscopy at an early stage and in 1923 published the first gastroscopy atlas with impressive ( watercolored ) illustrations of the findings, which established his international reputation. Together with the Berlin designer Georg Wolf , he developed the first semi-flexible gastroscope from 1928 to 1932 . In the press in 1933 the device was described as follows:

"Dr. R. Schindler, gastric doctor in Munich, invented the flexible gastric mirror. The inside of the stomach is illuminated by a light bulb and guided through numerous lenses in the tube to the doctor's eye. Two generations of doctors have been working on solving this problem for 64 years. "

For the next quarter of a century the device remained the only insignificantly changed standard in gastric diagnostics.

From January 31 to April 6, 1934, Schindler was imprisoned in Munich's central prison after denouncing , fabricated allegations and an alleged critical statement against the NSDAP . In the summer of 1934 he emigrated to Chicago with his family . On April 26, 1939, the German Reich revoked his and his family's German citizenship . Schindler became one of the leading figures in American gastroenterology. He founded the American Gastroscopic Club in 1941, which became the American Gastrocopic Society in 1946 and the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) in 1961. As the highest honor, the ASGE awards the Rudolf Schindler Award to outstanding endoscopists.

After the death of his first wife, Schindler married his former lover from his time in Munich, with whom he had two children, Marianne Koch and her brother Rudolf. In 1965 he returned to Munich with his second wife.


  • Peter K. Schäfer, Tilman Sauerbruch: Rudolf Schindler (1888–1968) - "father" of gastroscopy. In: Journal of Gastroenterology. ISSN  0044-2771 , Volume 42, Number 6, June 2004, pp. 550-556, doi: 10.1055 / s-2004-813178 , PMID 15190453 .
  • Harro Jenss, Guido Gerken , Markus M. Lerch: 100 years of the German Society for Digestive and Metabolic Diseases DGVS. Dreesbach, Munich 2013, pp. 52–59.
  • Harro Jenss: Rudolf Schindler and the semi-flexible gastroscope - memory. In: Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 2018, 56, pp. 1286–1287

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ German house treasure . April 1933, p. IV.
  2. , accessed on April 3, 2018.