Shimon ben Jochai

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Shimon ben Jochai ( Hebrew שמעון בן יוחאי; also Shimon bar Jochai ; in Mishnah and Baraita simply R. Simon ; Jochai is the abbreviation of Jochanan ; the short name Raschbi also occurs) was a Tannait of the so-called third (after others the fourth) generation .

He lived in the second century CE and was a pupil of Rabbi Akiba in Bne Brak , although Akiba initially did not want to accept him as a pupil because Shimon's father had supported the Roman side at the time of the Bar Kochba uprising .

Legend has it that Rabbi Simon later came out against the Romans and, condemned to death by them, hid with his son Rabbi Eleazar in a cave for 13 years, where they ceaselessly studied the Torah. After Emperor Hadrian's death, he went to Rome and healed the imperial princess from a serious illness. As a result, he obtained the repeal of the Hadrianic Jewish laws from Emperor Antoninus .

There are no written records of Shimon ben Jochai, but some works are ascribed to him:

Rabbi Simon was a teacher of Yehuda ha-Nasi .

Shimon's tomb is in Meron in Galilee , not far from Zefat . It is a place of pilgrimage for Jewish pilgrims and is particularly popular on the 18th of Ijjar , the traditional day of Shimon's death. This is also Lag baOmer , the festival on the 33rd day after Passover .


The lawyer and “chronicler in the Jewish style” Christoph Gottlieb Richter (1717–1774) used the pseudonym Simeon ben Jochai for one of his historical works .


Web links

Commons : Schimon ben Jochai  - Collection of images, videos and audio files