Castle at the Peterhof
The little palace at Peterhof was a high medieval castle complex in the corridor of today's district town of Mühlhausen . It is located in the area of the former imperial city on the western army and trade route into the Werra valley near Wanfried , today a section of the Wanfrieder Landstrasse (B 249) in the Unstrut-Hainich district in Thuringia . The area is designated as a ground monument .
|Castle at the Petershof|
|Alternative name (s):||Heidewarte|
|Conservation status:||Moat, hill|
|Standing position :||Local nobility|
The area of the castle is located in a meadow area 5.3 kilometers west of the Mühlhausen town center, near Wanfrieder Straße, at the so-called Peterhof (a former road and forester's house, today an excursion restaurant).
The castle is a small high medieval castle hill, perhaps belonging to the nearby Tutterode desert in the Mühlhausen city forest . In the 19th century, the small castle was seen as an intermediate control room (working title “Heidewarte”) of the customs office located three kilometers to the west at the road “Eigenrieder Warte” of the Mühlhäuser Landgraben fortification system and is therefore said to have been used as an intermediate control room for communication with the southwestern part of the Landwehr.
In the immediate vicinity of the castle, field names prove the existence of high medieval farms and the village of Tutterode. Modern research now assumes a tower hill castle as the fortified seat of the associated local nobility.
In the terrain, which rises only very gradually to the west, about 100 m northwest of the Petershof you come across the surrounding moat, which the residents call the "ring pond" and the remainder of a square hill about 14 m long, which is 1.5 m above the Water level rises. A partially preserved moat with a remaining height of 2 m and a width of 10 m has been preserved around the moat. In the opinion of the expert Paul Grimm, the moat appears partly modernized.
"Since there are several deserted areas in the vicinity, in my opinion it must remain uncertain whether this is the substructure of a tower for a guard of an intermediate control room or the fortified residential tower for the aristocrat of one of the surrounding deserted areas."
- K. Sellmann: The little castle. In: Mühlhäuser Geschichtsblätter 6, 1905, pp. 153–54, digitized.
- NN: The St. Daniels-Warte and the Schlößchen: a reply and correction / the editing. Mühlhäuser Geschichtsblätter 7, 1906/07, p. 144, digitized.
- Michael Köhler: Thuringian castles and fortified pre- and medieval living spaces. Jenzig-Verlag, 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 226.
- Paul Grimm, Wolfgang Timpel: The prehistoric and early historical fortifications of the Mühlhausen district. Mühlhausen 1972, p. 23 (photo), 23, 53.