Shed (building)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tool shed in Olching
The historic shed 50 in the port of Hamburg
Railway wagon as tool shed

A shed , also called Schupfen in Bavaria or in Upper German Schopf , is a kind of hut , i.e. H. A single-storey building , usually in a simple construction made of inexpensive building material (boards, corrugated iron) , which is used as a parking space or storage room to accommodate vehicles, equipment, goods and materials, sometimes also as a place for repairs or cleaning.


Originally the shed was defined as a "building for storing agricultural and farm equipment". It was also used for dry storage of "better luxury cars and sleds [and] fire engines". According to Pierer's Universal Lexikon from 1862, it is “a lightly listed stable for storing wagons (wagon shed), wood, straw and hay”.

The items stored there are protected from external influences such as the weather and theft. In agriculture in particular, they are also used to air-dry crops (next to the barn / barn), such as the tobacco drying shed ; Woodsheds for drying and storing firewood also often have walls made of wooden slats with gaps that allow air to circulate. General storage buildings (magazines) are goods sheds or quay sheds in the shipping industry. Device sheds are partly open, i. H. not enclosed by walls. The wagon shed ( Remise ) is the forerunner of today's garage and is found in the railway industry as a locomotive shed .

A tool shed is a mostly closed, smaller building for storing or sheltering equipment and / or materials. Tool sheds are usually built using wood or sheet metal.


A tool shed is not for living in or for longer stays, e.g. B. for leisure time, provided. This is where it distinguishes itself from the garden house . If the building is open, one speaks of a (equipment) shelter ; an open shed, which is more intended for people to stay, is called an arbor or pavilion .

Legal classification

In terms of building law , sheds are subject to the respective state building regulations , which understand sheds to mean various building shapes, so that a general assessment is hardly possible. Sheds may require planning permission as well as be exempt . It depends on the location, the size, the use and other points. Sheds used as temporary structures are usually not permitted.

Under insurance law , sheds are usually included in building and fire insurance .

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Schopf  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. shed . Roell, 1912 (
  2. shed . Lueger, 1904 (
  3. shed . Pierer, 1857 (