A notice board (also called notice board according to the new spelling ) is a place where public institutions such as courts , town halls, offices , schools , universities or libraries inform their visitors about changing issues. Notice boards can often be found in the form of pin boards . In the case of important notices, however, lockable showcases are usually used so that the posted documents cannot be falsified or removed.
The information is usually announcements of dates, events, the results of exams and exams and job advertisements . Notice boards are also used for scientific work, for storing and passing on thoughts or short notes relating to the relevant courses.
Particularly at universities, private interested parties use the bulletin board for search or sale requests for used objects or job offers and inquiries, to find accommodation or to broker accommodation similar to an advertisement in a newspaper or magazine.
The origin of the term consists in the use of boards in inns, on which was chalked what the individual guest had to pay.
The English term for notice board is bulletin board and has been closely associated with the history of the early Internet at least since the establishment of the first mailbox (in English Bulletin Board System , BBS for short ) in 1978 by Ward Christensen and Randy Suess . With the CBBS (Computerized Bulletin Board System) Chicago, they replaced their previous answering machine, on which computer club members left messages together.
In Germany, many mailbox programs use the term “board” for a forum or message directory. This was particularly widespread in the Z-Netz , which, with the original Zerberus software, was based on the “GeoNet” user interface of the West German e-mail pioneer Günther Leue .
The World Wide Web of the 1990s offered a new platform for online forums. In a broader sense, this also includes the classifieds market (online / offline). In the narrower sense, bulletin board pages on the Internet are especially important where the real boards have already met with great interest and where the simple basic principle has been transferred as directly as possible. This includes, for example, the notice boards on the public websites of cities and other public institutions. In addition, there is now a sharp increase in the number of bulletin board pages, especially at German universities, which are either operated directly by the university itself as a service or which have been launched by students. In the World Wide Web, the notice boards are called “ newsgroups ”. These are information and discussion forums on any topic in a part of the Internet called " Usenet " or in other networks. Newsgroups are hierarchically structured into general (asc), miscellaneous (misc), computer topics (comp), relaxation (rec), research (sci) and other topics. An alternative to newsgroups is the forums on the World Wide Web and there is the intermediate form of web-based access to newsgroups, such as B. Google Groups .
Digital notice board
A digital notice board is an audiovisual, interactive information system . It is the modernized variant of the classic notice board or the analogue pin board . This is a special form or further development of digital signage , as a digital notice board offers interactive components instead of pure content display. Frequently used synonyms are the terms digital pin board , digital information board or the context of employee information systems .
- Ward Christensen, Randy Suess: Hobbyist Computerized Bulletin Board . In: Byte Magazine . tape 3 , no. November 11 , 1978, pp. 150–157 ( devili.iki.fi vintagecomputer.net (PDF) ).
- Kammann Rossi - Know-How - Seven important channels of internal communication. Retrieved on May 23, 2020 (German).