Seborrhea , including seborrhea , hyperseborrhoea , hyperseborrhoea , correctly seborrhoea ( lat. Sebum "tallow" and Greek. Ῥοή "river", from "sebum") is a medical term for the overproduction of skin fats by the sebaceous glands . The term describes a symptom and does not, by itself, say anything about the underlying cause. The function of the sweat glands must also be taken into account, since without adequate moisture penetration of the skin, the flow of sebum would be prevented and ultimately sebostasis would result.
The so-called "ointment face" in Parkinson's disease is the result of seborrhea, which usually returns to normal with adequate treatment of the underlying disease. Other diseases associated with seborrhea are acromegaly , phenylketonuria, and thyrotoxicosis .
Forms of seborrhea are:
- Seborrhoea adiposa
- Seborrhoea capillitii
- Seborrhea capitis
- Seborrhoea desquamativa neonatorum
- Seborrhoea oleosa
- Seborrhoea sicca
As seborrhea oleosa the clinical picture as "oily skin" and "greasy hair" is called, the most at the beginning of puberty occurs, regresses usually during the third decade of life and is perceived as a cosmetic problem. Just like the skin changes caused by acne , the hormonal change in this age is considered to be the cause. Accordingly, the possibilities for therapeutic influence on this individually different skin reaction are few. Preferred body areas are the hairy scalp as well as forehead, nose, nasal and lip folds, eyelids and neck, armpits and anterior and posterior sweat troughs . These areas of skin are also known as seborrheic skin areas .
The adjective seborrheic appears in connection with various dermatological terms. The following are to be mentioned:
The pemphigus Seborrhoicus , including pemphigus erythematosus is a chronic but milder progressive form of pemphigus foliaceus ; an autoimmune blistering disease that is limited to the seborrheic areas of the skin, especially on the face, and in which the Nikolsky sign is difficult or impossible to trigger. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) can usually be detected in the serum .
- Alphabetical index to the ICD-10-WHO version 2019, volume 3. German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI), Cologne, 2019, p. 795
- Oily skin (seborrhea) , on Gesundheit.de. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- Seborrhea , on medizinfo.de. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
- Fritsch. Dermatology and Venereology, 2nd edition, 2006; Jumper