Seven hills of Rome

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Schematic map of the seven hills of Rome

The Seven Hills of Rome ( Latin Septem montes Romae , ancient Greek ἄστυ ἑπτάλοφον ásty heptálophon ) are seven heights east of the Tiber in the area of ​​today's Italian capital Rome , which were once decisive for the settlement history and city ​​topography . They were built after the city was destroyed by the Gauls in 387 BC. Surrounded by the Servian Wall , which clearly marked the city area from the surrounding area.

Although no uniform antique catalog has come down to us, the seven hills of Rome are classically counted:

The Caelius and the Quirinal were added as the last heights through the Servian Wall , so that the list includes five montes and two colles . In later lists, for example, the Capitol or the Palatine were replaced by the Ianiculum . In the regional catalog of the 4th century, however, the seven hills of Rome included Caelius, Aventinus, Tarpeius (= Capitol ), Palatinus, Esquiline, Vaticanus and Ianiculum , Quirinal and Viminal gave way to Vaticanus and Ianiculum .

In addition to the aforementioned, the Pincio , 54 m, which, like Ianiculum and Vaticanus, is outside the ancient city center , did not belong to the classic seven hills .

The seven hills mentioned are not identical to the seven hills of the Septimontium , on which around 1000 BC. The Latins established the first settlements: Suburba (a knoll of Caelius ), Palatium and Germalus (today together the Palatine Hill ), Velia and - as elevations of the Esquiline - Oppius, Cispius and Fagutal.

Other elevations in the narrower urban area of ​​today's Rome are the Monte Parioli , 59 m, the Monte Antenne , 64 m, the Monte Mario , 139 m, which used to offer the Rome pilgrims coming from the north a first view of the city, and the Monte Testaccio , 49 m.



  1. Servius , Commentary on Aeneid 6, 783 replaced the Capitol, a Scholion at the same Vergilstelle replaces the Palatine.
  2. ↑ Region catalog online .