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Sloop with mainsail (A) and headsail (B)

A sloop is a sailing boat with a mast , a mainsail (A) and a headsail (B). Today the term refers to the type of sails , the sluptakelung , while in the past it was generally used for smaller watercraft (e.g. sloop ).

The so-called Bermuda sloop, which was built in large numbers, was valued by merchants and pirates alike in the first half of the 18th century, as it was a seaworthy and fast vehicle. The construction drawing of a Bermuda sloop has been preserved from a treatise by the Swedish ship designer Fredrik Henrik af Chapman published in 1768 . It was a ship 20 meters long and 6.5 meters wide, equipped with ten cannons and twelve rotating guns .

A triangular high sail is usually used as the main or mainsail in modern slups (Marconi or Bermuda rig, see high rigging ). Traditional sailors, such as the BM dinghy built to this day , still have the more original steep gaff sail .

The triangular headsail is either a jib or a genoa , which has more sail area. On larger yachts you can also find both headsails attached at the same time as a roll-jib or roll-genoa, although usually only one sail is set at a time. (A sailing yacht with two foresails operated at the same time is cutter rigged .)

In addition, a slump rigging can be supplemented by a balloon-shaped spinnaker .

From the first half of the 20th century, the slup-rigged Bermudarigg became popular in modern sailing boats and yachts because it has fewer elements than the gaff rig and is therefore easier to use. In addition, you can go higher upwind with a Bermudarig , i. H. drive at a more acute angle to the wind.

See also

  • Sloop for the designation of unclassified naval vehicles in the English navy, which have their origin in slup-rigged warships of the 17th century.

Web links

Commons : Slup  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Slup  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


  1. David Cordingly: Under a black flag. Legend and reality of pirate life. Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 2001, ISBN 3-423-30817-6 , p. 153.