Summer Paralympics 2000 / Basketball ID
At the Summer Paralympics 2000 in Sydney , basketball ID medals were awarded in a competition . It was a basketball competition for people with intellectual disabilities (ID means " intellectual disabilities" in this context ). After the winning Spanish team had to be later disqualified, it was the last competitions for people with intellectual disabilities until the Summer Paralympics 2012 in London .
Disqualification of the winning team
Gold originally went to the Spanish team , who beat the Russian team 87-63. That it was a fraud came out when readers who knew some of the players reported a picture of the victory celebration in the Spanish sports newspaper Marca . In addition, the journalist Carlos Ribagorda had sneaked into the team to uncover the fraud. He later stated that he and other athletes had never been screened for their disability. The subsequent examinations revealed that only two of the twelve players on the Spanish team had an intellectual disability and the rest had participated in the games without restriction. In fact, they were even encouraged to play slower so the cheating would not be noticed. The team was then disqualified and had to return its gold medal. As a further consequence, Fernando Martin Vicente , Vice President of the Spanish Paralympic Committee and President of the Spanish Association of Mentally Disabled Athletes (FEDDI) resigned. In 2013 he was also convicted of fraud to pay 5,400 euros. He also had to repay 142,355 euros that the association had received in government grants. The aim of the fraud was to obtain higher subsidies for the association. In addition to the ten members of the basketball team, five other athletes were also affected.
Subsequently, the International Paralympic Committee initially canceled all competitions for people with intellectual disabilities. This affected all games from 2000 to 2008 as well as a number of championships. The ban was lifted again in 2009. The first official event was the IPC European Swimming Championships in October 2009 in Reykjavík .
The two mentally disabled athletes received a replica of their medals as a consolation prize.
|2||Russia||Oleg Chubasov , Marat Oumarov , Nariman Sadekov , Shamil Kodraleev , Serguei Rogov , Vladimir Fedotov , Igor Gousev , Slava Kosoukhov , Artur Melkonian , Michail Kisilev , Slava Chernobrov , Andrey Zakharov|
|3||Poland||Marcin Merk , Andrzej Kolodziejczyk , Robert Kwiatkowski , Tomasz Macholl , Mariusz Wikbold , Adam Krzeminski , Rafat Jastrzab , Lukasz Skory , Grzegorz Sobus , Tadeusz Truszczynski , Piotr Madej , Robert Wittke|
A total of eight teams took part in the competition.
|team||Victories||Defeats||baskets||Points||vs. ESP||vs. POR||vs. BRA||vs. JPN|
|Portugal||2||1||251: 146||5||58:73||-||71:56||122: 17|
|Brazil||1||2||207: 189||4th||48:94||56:71||-||103: 24|
|Japan||0||3||61: 312||3||20:87||17: 122||24: 103||-|
|team||Victories||Defeats||baskets||Points||vs. RUS||vs. POLE||vs. OUT||vs. GRE|
|Russia||2||1||239: 211||5||-||111: 97||79:64||49:50|
|Poland||2||1||245: 214||5||97: 111||-||77:66||71:37|
|3rd place match|
- Historical results on Paralympic.org
- Paralympics: Cheating Under the Board. In: Spiegel Online . December 15, 2000, accessed October 20, 2016 .
- Simon Tomlinson: Are these the biggest cheats in sporting history? Staggering story of the healthy Spanish basketball team who PRETENDED to be mentally handicapped to win Paralympic gold. In: Daily Mail . October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2016 .
- Giles Tremlett: The cheats. In: The Guardian . September 16, 2004, accessed October 20, 2016 .
- Intellectual disability ban ends. BBC Sport , November 21, 2009, accessed October 20, 2016 .