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In phonology , a sonorant or sonorlaut ( sonant ) is a vowel or consonant that does not create turbulence in the airflow behind the constriction when it is formed. The articulation of the sonorous consonants is in contrast to that of the obstruents . They are close to the vowels and, like the vowels, are to be understood acoustically as sounds . By definition, they are always voiced .

Sonorantic consonants are characterized by the fact that there is no pressure build-up in the vocal tract that would be released by a closure or by friction . As with the vowels, the airflow is not obstructed, so that they can be syllable carriers just like vowels. With sonorants, the glottis is arranged in such a way that spontaneous voice formation is possible.

Hall (2000: 105) defines as sonorants "sonorous consonants ..., gliding sounds ... as well as vowels." The sonorants in German include (in addition to the vowels) the nasal phonemes / m /, / n /, / ŋ / , the lateral phoneme / l /, the vibrant / r / and the approximants / j / and / w / ( gliding sounds ).


Web links

Wiktionary: Sonorant  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: Resonant  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations