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The term Vibrant (through English influence also trill , actually " trill ", German also vibrating or trembling sound ) is used in phonetics to describe a consonant that is created by a rapid sequence of short locking and locking phases between the articulator (lower lip, tip of the tongue or uvula ) and the point of articulation in the vocal tract . The articulators are moved by an increased air flow, that is, the articulators only perform the movements passively.

This results in a flutter of the articulators and air turbulence between the articulation organ and the articulation point. The vibrating r sounds are colloquially referred to as a rolled r .

In the International Phonetic Alphabet the following symbols are defined for vibrants:

  • voiced bilabial Vibrant [⁠ ʙ ⁠] : lower lip flapping against the upper lip.
    • Example: brr (interjection to express feeling cold)
  • voiced alveolar Vibrant [⁠ r ⁠] : tongue flapping against the alveolar ridge or the palate.
  • voiceless alveolar Vibrant [⁠ R ⁠] : as the voiced variant, but without vibrations of the vocal cords.
  • uvular trill [⁠ ʀ ⁠] : suppository flutters against the rear tongue.
    • Example: Armenian տղա tgha "boy".

The German suppository r is usually a voiced uvular fricative ( fricative ) that is formed by a sound-producing tightness between the uvula and the back tongue. “Rolling” this sound creates a uvular vibrant that is used in some German dialects.

Web links

Wiktionary: Vibrant  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations