Flap (phonetics)

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As a flap ( English for 'flutter, rattle'; plur. Flaps ), also tap ( English for 'tap'; plur. Taps ), German struck sound , is a consonant in phonetics that is formed by a single striking movement the tongue arises against the articulation point .

For the majority of linguists, flaps and taps are the same, which is why they use both terms synonymously. Peter Ladefoged was at times of the opinion that it was useful to distinguish between “flap” and “tap”, but used these terms inconsistently himself. Later, Ladefoged was more of the opinion that it made no difference and that the term 'flap' was therefore preferable.

For the few linguists who make a difference, the flap is similar to the tap, only in contrast to the tap, in which the tip of the tongue taps the articulation point directly from the rest position, the tongue moves into the rest position after the articulation (behind the lower teeth). According to this view, the Tap the volume [⁠ ɾ ⁠] , whereas the flap - which is normally not in IPA by the sound - occurs [⁠ ⁠] is playing,

There are labial , apical - alveolar , retroflex and uvular flaps.

IPA description example
[⁠ ɺ ⁠] voiced lateral alveolar flap Niederdt. we dd it again '
[ ɺ̠ ] lateral postalveolar flap jap.ラ ー メ ン(rāmen)
[⁠ ɽ ⁠] voiced retroflex flap Urdu بڑا 'big'
[⁠ ɾ ⁠] voiced alveolar flap engl. ( AE ) le tt he , letter; Letter'
[⁠ ѵ ⁠] voiced labiodental flap Mono vw a

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Peter Ladefoged : A Course in Phonetics. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York NY et al. 1975, ISBN 0-15-515180-0 (numerous editions).
  2. ^ Siniša Spajić, Peter Ladefoged, Peri Bhaskararao: The Trills of Toda. In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association. Vol. 26, No. 1, 1996, ISSN  0025-1003 , pp. 1-21, here: p. 2.