A nasal (also nasal sound , German nose sound ) is a consonant named after its articulation . With oral sounds , the back, soft part of the palate (the velum ) lies against the back wall of the throat and thus closes the nasal cavity . In the case of the nasals, an oral occlusion is created and the velum lowers so that most of the air flows out through the nose. The nasal cavity and the part of the oral cavity reaching from the rear to the occlusion point serve as a resonance space . Nasals are mostly voiced. Icelandic has a voiceless nasal, while Burmese has several of them.
- bilabial nasals (lip nose sounds)
- labiodental nasals
- alveolar nasals (tooth nose sounds)
- retroflex nasals
- palatal nasals
- velar nasals (back palate nasal sounds)
- uvular nasals