Voiced velar nasal

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IPA mark ŋ
IPA number 119
IPA character description Latin minuscule Eng
Unicode U + 014B
HTML (dec.) & # 331;
Kirshenbaum N

The voiced velar nasal is a consonant found in various languages ​​around the world . Is According egressive , voiced , velar , nasal and plosive . His IPA symbol is [⁠ ŋ ⁠] ; In Latin scripts, the sound is often reproduced with the digraph ng , special characters for the sound are Ŋ (Saami and Africa alphabet), Ň (Turkmen) and G (Fiji).

Syllable end

Phonetic and orthographic realization of the voiced velar nasal at the end of the syllable in different languages:

In Greek and Latin grammar , the sound is called Agma.

Beginning of word

In most European languages ​​this sound cannot appear at the beginning of a word, but in numerous other languages ​​- especially in Africa, East and Southeast Asia - it comes as an independent phoneme e.g. B. also at the beginning of the word. Examples:

See also


  1. http://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Agma
  2. Whorf, Benjamin Lee 1963: Language, Thought, Reality. Contributions to metalinguistics and philosophy of language Rowohlt
  3. ^ Gregory DS Anderson: Feature / Chapter 9: The Velar Nasal The World Atlas of Language Structures Online .
Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].