As glottal in is phonetics an articulation refer to operations of the glottis , and glottis known as articulation organ serves. A distinction is made between ingressive and egressive glottal sound formations. Sounds so formed are called glottal sounds Glottallaute, glottal, laryngeal sounds Laryngallaute, laryngeals , German as laryngeal or glottal sounds called.
Glottal stroke in German
The glottal [ ʔ ] (engl. Glottal stop ), even glottal called, is an integral part of many varieties of standard German . The sound is a tense, glottal egressive plosive sound. It occurs when the vocal folds are closed and suddenly opened (see larynx ).
The German glottic stroke signals word and syllable boundaries and is also called a fixed voice insert . A well-known example of making oneself aware of the sound is the pair of words: travel [ fɛɐ̯ˈʀaɪ̯zn̩ ] and ice [ fɛɐ̯ˈʔaɪ̯zn̩ ]. However, since its occurrence where it is used can be predicted from the phonetic environment, it is usually not considered a German phoneme .
Glottal beat in other languages
The sound is also an integral part of many English dialects, with the Cockney dialect deserving special mention. It is also becoming more widespread among educated speakers in the UK.
The volume [ h ] as in house is also a glottal. The sound is also generated in the glottis (glottis), but not as a closure as [ ʔ ] , but as a fricative (fricative / Enge sound). He is a tense, glottal, egressive angel, which is also generated in the vocal tract (attachment tube), which consists of the pharynx, nasal and oral cavities, due to strong air pressure .
- John Clark; Collin Yallop; Janet Fletcher: An Introduction to Phonetics and Phonology. 3rd edition. Blackwell Textbooks in Linguistics, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006
- T. Alan Hall: Phonology: An Introduction. De Gruyter Study Book, de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2000, ISBN 3-1101-5641-5
- Peter Ladefoged ; Ian Maddieson: The Sounds of the World's Languages. Blackwell, Oxford 1996, ISBN 0-631-19814-8 .
- Christian Ebert: Phonetics & Phonology. Articulatory Phonetics. (Hall, Chapters 1.1 - 1.5; Clark & Yallop, Chapters 2 & 3) Bielefeld University. Faculty of Linguistics and Literary Studies. WS 2005/2006
- Christian Ebert: Phonetics & Phonology. Articulatory Phonetics. Bielefeld University. Faculty of Linguistics and Literary Studies. WS 2005/2006 (Clark & Yallop, Chapter 2 & 6)
- Christian Ebert: Phonetics & Phonology. Articulatory Phonetics. (Hall, Chapters 1.1 - 1.5; Clark & Yallop, Chapters 2 & 3) Exercises & Solutions, Bielefeld University. Faculty of Linguistics and Literary Studies. WS 2005/2006