The international phonetic alphabet has three epiglottal consonants, none of which occur in German:
- Voiceless epiglottal plosive [ ʡ ]
- Voiced epiglottal fricative [ ʢ ]
- Voiceless epiglottal fricative [ ʜ ]
Epiglottal trills also occur, but are not phonemic and therefore have no representation in the international phonetic alphabet. The symbol [ᴙ] is sometimes used in literature.
Epiglottal consonants are mainly found in the Caucasus and Canada.