Voiceless postalveolar fricative

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
IPA mark ʃ
IPA number 134
IPA character description Latin minuscule Esh
Unicode U + 0283
HTML (dec.) & # 643;
Kirshenbaum S

The voiceless fricative postalveolar (a voiceless , behind the alveoli educated fricative ) is a occurring in many languages sibilant , the "generally in German as sch " sound is known.

The articulation is lamino- postalveolar or apico- postalveolar, i.e. H. the blade of the tongue or the tip of the tongue forms a turbulence-producing bottleneck with the palate behind the dental dam. In German, this is often accompanied by a rounded lip .

The sound has the following phonetic and orthographic realizations in different languages:

  • German [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by beautiful and s before p and t in initial position.
  • English [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by sh and sometimes s and (in derived from the Latin words) by ti and ci
  • French [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by ch .
  • Italian [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : sc before e and i and sci before a, o and u
  • Persian : Marked by ش
  • Polish : Marked by Sz, sz (szaszłik, szkoła)
  • Romanian [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by Ş, ş
  • Russian [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by Ш, ш
  • Slovak [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by Š, š
  • Spanish : Partly allophone of / ⁠ ⁠ / or / ⁠ ʝ ⁠ / , otherwise only anglicisms (but often replaced by [⁠ s ⁠] or sometimes [⁠ ⁠] ). In Latin America, especially Argentina and Uruguay, y and ll are pronounced with ʃ; see Yeísmo .
  • Czech : [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by S, S (sest šiška)
  • Turkish [⁠ ʃ ⁠] : Characterized by Ş, ş
  • Hungarian : Marked by S, s (spiritusz = spirit, sonka = ham)

See also

Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].