Voiced labiodental flap
|IPA character description||v with hook on the right|
|Unicode||U + 2C71|
|HTML (dec.)||& # 11377;|
ѵa ʔaѵa ][
The labiodental flap is a consonant that occurs in several languages of the Central African Republic and neighboring countries, for example in Margi or Kera , as well as in Zimbabwe . Furthermore, it should occur in the Austronesian language Sika . It is an unusual example of a non-rhotic flap .
In linguistic literature, the labiodental flap has often been described ad hoc with the Brevis as an IPA designation for extra brevity: [ v̆ ], sometimes with the symbol coined by Joseph Greenberg . After Dr. Kenneth S. Olsen had requested the inclusion of the labiodental flap in the International Phonetic Alphabet, the International Phonetic Association agreed in 2005 to designate it with a v with a hook on the right :
This was the first new mark to be included in the IPA in twelve years. The Unicode character set was extended by this character in version 5.1.0 (U + 2C71: ⱱ). Alternatively, the similar letter Ischiza (ѵ) from the Cyrillic alphabet or U + F25F from the Private Use Area (recommendation of the IPA) is used.
The labiodental flap begins with the lower lip on the inside of the upper incisors. The lower lip is then flung out, brushing the upper incisors or the upper lip, or both.
In Sika, the labiodental flap can be heard when pronounced carefully, but it can also be pronounced as a voiced labiodental plosive [ b̪ ] or as an affricate . He is in opposition to both the voiced bilabial and the labiodental fricative :
|[ ѵoːtɛr ]||'I put a stake in the ground'|
|[ βotɛːr ]||'I buy'|
|[ voːtɛr ]||' we (inclusive) buy'|
- A Crosslinguistic Lexicon of the Labial Flap (with video and sound files)
- SIL Linguist Successfully Proposes New Phonetic Symbol
- Kenneth S. Olson's research website (has information on the labiodental flap)
- Kenneth S. Olson, John Hajek: The phonetic status of the labial flap . In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association , 29/2/1999, pp. 101-114.
according to IPA (2005)
|Taps / flaps||ⱱ||ɾ||ɽ|
|¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].|