Voiceless dental fricative

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IPA mark θ
IPA number 130
IPA character description Greek minuscule theta
Unicode U + 03B8
HTML (dec.) & # 952;
Kirshenbaum T

The voiceless dental fricative is a voiceless , to the teeth educated fricative .

Put simply, the pronunciation of the consonant resembles a “ lisped ” / s /. In IPA phonetic transcription it is represented by θ (the Greek minuscule theta ). The choice of the sign is derived from the pronunciation of this letter in modern Greek . In German the voiceless dental fricative is unknown, but it comes about in the English word thanks [ θæŋks before]. After its orthographic realization in English, it is commonly known as the (voiceless) " th sound " [ tiˈɛɪtʃˌlaʊt ]. Its voiced equivalent is the [ ð ], as in this [ ðɪs ].

The voiceless dental fricative has the following phonetic and orthographic realizations in different languages :

Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].