Voiced velar fricative

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IPA mark ɣ
IPA number 141
IPA character description Latin minuscule gamma
Unicode U + 0263
HTML (dec.) & # 611;
Kirshenbaum Q

The voiced velar fricative (a voiced at the rear dorsum educated fricative ) has the following in different languages phonetic and orthographic realizations:

  • German : in some German dialects, for example in Berlin, the g in Wa g en or in Vo g el is realized as “soft g”, which makes it the voiced uvular fricative (“suppository-r”), for example the Pronunciation of "Waren" or "Vorel", approaching. There are also phonetic rules in Mosel-Franconian that convert intervowel g (also d ) in the following e into this sound, like the syllable [ oːɣ ] in plore [ˈploːɣə], plowing 'or [ ] in furel [ˈfuɣəl], bird'.
  • Irish : Corresponds to gh and dh at the beginning of the word (as lenition of g or d ) before a, ae, ao, o, u .
  • Modern Greek : Corresponds to the gamma (γ) before central or rear vowels or before consonants.
  • Dutch : an allophone of the voiceless velar grater Loud [⁠ x ⁠] .
  • Spanish : Corresponds to g at the end of a syllable or in the combinations ga, gl, go, gr, gu, gue, güe, gui, güi , if it is not in the absolute initial or after a nasal ( voiced velar plosive in other places ).

See also

Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].