Half vowel

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Places of articulation: 1. exolabial 2. endolabial 3. dental 4. alveolar 5. postalveolar 6. prepalatal 7. palatal 8. velar 9. uvular 10. pharyngeal 11. glottal 12. epiglottal 13. radical 14. posterodorsal 15. anterodorsal 16. laminal 17. apical 18. sublaminal

A half vowel (also: semivowel , half consonant ) is phonologically defined as a subclass of approximants .

From an articulatory point of view, semi-vowels have vowel properties in that the airflow is not blocked by narrowing the vocal tract when speaking (in contrast to consonants ), but they differ from vowels in that they do not form the syllable core , but belong to the syllable shell such as the [j] in the words Portion and Fjord .

Half-vowels, like other approximants, are generally created by a narrower constriction than a vowel. However, this constriction is not sufficient to generate friction, so that one could speak of a fricative sound . Hence the term approximant : the tongue only approaches the point of articulation which, if it were touched even closer by the tongue, would produce a fricative.

Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: half vowel  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: Half-consonant  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations