Voiceless uvular plosive

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IPA mark q
IPA number 111
IPA character description Latin minuscule q
Unicode U + 0071 (q)
HTML (dec.) & # 113;
Kirshenbaum q

The voiceless uvular plosive (a voiceless , the uvula educated plosive ) is in the phonetics , a consonant , in which - without the participation of voice briefly interrupted the breath and then released again ( "plosive") -; this is done by briefly striking the tongue against the uvula .

He has the following phonetic and orthographic realizations in different languages :

  • Arabic [⁠ q ⁠] : ق ( QAF ; U + 0642). - Some important dialects, such as the Egyptian and the Syrian-Palestinian, replace q with the crackling sound ʔ , Yemeni with g .
  • Persian [⁠ q ⁠] : ق (QAF U + 0642) in Afghanistan and the south of Iran. In the Iranian standard pronunciation ( Fārsi ) q has coincided with ɣ .
  • Tajik [q] қ
  • Urdu [⁠ q ⁠] : ق (QAF; U + 0642) - in the standard pronunciation, otherwise most k . The "correct" pronunciation as [⁠ q ⁠] is considered to be formed.
  • Hebrew [⁠ q ⁠] ק (qof). - In modern Ivrit , however, ק is pronounced as k .
  • Georgian [⁠ q ⁠] : ყ ( q'ar ) In contrast to the Arabic q Georgian q is a ejektiver consonant. The Old Georgian also had an aspirated q ( qar ), which has been replaced in modern Georgian by x and the letter ხ ( Chan ).
  • Quechua [⁠ q ⁠] : q
  • Aymara [⁠ q ⁠] : q
  • Quiché [⁠ q ⁠] : q
  • Kalaallisut (Greenlandic) [⁠ q ⁠] : q, formerly ĸ
Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].