Voiceless palatal fricative

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IPA mark ç
IPA number 138
IPA character description Latin minuscule c with cédille ( ç )
Unicode U + 00E7
HTML (dec.) & # 231;
Kirshenbaum C

The voiceless palatal fricative (an unvoiced , the hard palate educated fricative ) has the following in different languages phonetic and orthographic realizations:

  • German [⁠ ç ⁠] : soft ch , I-sound , allophone of / ⁠ x ⁠ / : Each ch , not on a back vowel ( a, o, u ) or the diphthong au follows, and in the diminutive syllable "-chen". In the German standard variety often with the initial ch as well as with the ending -ig (if no vowel follows).
  • English [⁠ ç ⁠] : Partly as allophone of / hj / ( RP and some other varieties):

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Ich-Laut  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Pulmonary consonants
according to IPA (2005)
bilabial labio-
dental alveolar post-
retroflex palatal velar uvular phase-
stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth. stl. sth.
Plosives p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʔ
Nasals m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Vibrants ʙ r ʀ
Taps / flaps ɾ ɽ
Fricatives ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ H ʕ H ɦ
lateral fricatives ɬ ɮ
Approximants ʋ ɹ ɻ j w ¹
lateral approximants l ɭ ʎ ʟ
¹ The labialised variant [ w ] was inserted here as a voiced velar approximant ( half vowel ) instead of the non-labialised variant [ ɰ ].