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G or g (pronounced: [ geː ]) is the seventh letter of the classical and modern Latin alphabet . He was born around 230 BC. Introduced as a variant of the C by the Roman writing school operator Spurius Carvilius Ruga . The letter G has an average frequency of 3.01% in German texts. This makes it the 13th most common letter in German texts .


On the origin of the character G in the Latin alphabet see Article C .


semi-social g, insular variant

The letter G has taken many forms throughout the history of the Latin script:

In the upper case only the shape of a C with an attached found cauda (see. O> Q, P> R), the common form today with a broken ending on the line cauda use. A variant of this is the G with a rolled up cauda equina. In the Fraktur the capital letter G is completely closed and has added a decorative stroke as an integral part.

In the minuscule , most g-forms differ in the design of the descender: it can start on the left or right of the body of the letter, it can remain open or closed. Many people are unaware of the existence of the "two-tier" with the left accreting Direction descender and only typographically (printed or online) occurring small g unaware and can not due to lack of exercise handwritten reproduce.

In the italics of the 15th century, a form is common in which the cauda, ​​which is open per se, is connected directly to the top line of the letter body. Striking is the form of halbunzialen g, the one below the line reaching 3 or one of the z Kurrentschrift similar (similar: ʒ).

The finger alphabet for the deaf or hard of hearing represents the letter G with the closed hand pointing towards the body and the index finger and thumb pointing away from it.

See also: abbreviation , acronym , starting with the letter G or g


"G, the mild, silent throaty sound (guttural media), occupying the middle between the harder throaty sound, K (gutt. Tenuis), and the whispered, Ch (gutt. Aspirata) ..."

- from the Grimm dictionary

See also

Web links

Commons : G  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: g  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: G  - Explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Plutarch : Quest. Rome. 54
  2. Kimberly Wong, Frempongma Wadee, Gali Ellenblum, Michael McCloskey: The Devil's in the g-tails: Deficient letter-shape knowledge and awareness despite massive visual experience. , Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, April 2, 2018 doi : 10.1037 / xhp0000532