A store (from Latin spicarium ' grain store ', from spica ' ear of corn '), depending on the context also called warehouse , depot , filing , buffer , supply or reserve , is a place or a facility for storing material or immaterial ( data storage ) objects .
- Matter ( substances , raw materials , goods , goods , waste , ...),
- Energy ( heat , pressure , electrical energy , ...),
- Information ( data , knowledge , ...)
Storage tanks can be of natural origin or man-made.
In most cases, people are stored for a limited period of time with the intention or at least the option of removing what has been stored for use at a later point in time. Such often intermediate storage, buffer or storage memory designated serve to compensate for timing differences between inflow / supply and drainage / demand.
Storage for an indefinite or permanent period is less common. For such storage, the term (final) storage or storage is more common.
If the storage capacity (i.e. the maximum possible fill level) is exceeded, an overflow may occur.
Types of storage
Storage for matter
- Floor storage for the storage of goods
- Pantry or a storage container
- Attic , which is often used as a storage location
- Silo , tank farm
- Underground storage for the storage of natural gas / hydrogen / oil
- Gas storage
- Water storage (reservoir, reservoir), in the case of a hydroelectric power plant, the upper area of the dam
Storage for energy
Storage for information and other intangible goods
- Knowledge store , e.g. B. a library , archive or reference work .
- Data storage in computer science and electronics as a place for storing digital information (see also storage hierarchy )
- Horst Völz : Storage as the basis for everything. Shaker Verlag, Düren 2019, ISBN 978-3-8440-6964-8 .