St. Aegidien Church (Oschatz)
It belongs to the municipality of Oschatz in the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Saxony and is used not only for the community but also as a meeting place for inter-congregational events and concerts. It is by far the largest church in the church district and shapes the cityscape of Oschatz with its two towers.
The origin of the church, which was consecrated to St. Aegidius , is probably in the 11th century (chapel / wooden church).
The oldest components, enclosing walls, pillars and some other architectural elements of today's church come from an early stone church building in the 14th century. This older church was completely destroyed during the Hussite invasion in 1429.
The new building took place from 1443 in the Gothic style, with two towers. In 1464 the Gothic crypt was built under the altar arch. It has the shape of an octagon and arches in a star shape over a squat central column. It was accessible from the outside, but was never used for worship services.
After the city fire of 1842, today's stately building was built in the years 1846 to 1849 as a largely new building in the neo-Gothic style with its two 75.73 meter high towers under the direction of the Nuremberg builder Prof. Carl Alexander Heideloff. Ornate Meissen stained glass (altarpiece) adorn the interior of the church. The altar and pulpit were also designed by Heideloff.
The tower keeper's apartment was inhabited until 1970 and can be visited. In 1912, major repair work was carried out on the church. In 1987 the church was structurally in a very poor condition. For safety reasons, loose sandstones were removed from the towers. In the absence of suitable scaffolding for the demolition work, the mountaineers from the BSG Medizin Wermsdorf took over this work. Bernd Voigtländer from Oschatz and Alfons Rosenberger from Wermsdorf led the rope team on the towers.
In 1990, 5 meters from both spiers were removed and renewed. In 1991 the association Rettet St. Aegidien eV Oschatz was founded. The association takes over the procurement of the financial means for the fundamental renovation of the church. In 1998 the tower house was reopened and is run as a museum by the association Rettet St. Aegidien eV Oschatz.
On May 8, 2005, the Aegidien Church was reopened after extensive construction work. At this time, among other things, the roof was covered and the interior of the church was repaired. The construction work on the entire structure continued. In 2008 the outer facade of the apse and the crypt under the apse were completed. From 2008 to summer 2009, the two spiers had to be renovated again. The sandstone was impregnated up to 8 centimeters deep with special preservatives. At the same time, to complete the construction work, the eight pegs (4 pegs per tower) were poured. Here, attention not only had to be paid to the original Heideloff design, but also to the original color. In addition, there were increased demands on the stability at a height of over 40 meters. This work was also completed on October 3, 2009, the last after 22 years of construction.
Architecture and equipment
The entire chancel is the oldest preserved part of the church, as evidenced by the number 1464 on one of the buttresses of the church. The nave is a three-aisled, five-bay hall church and has profiled pillars. The vaults of the nave were supplemented by Heideloff, while the star and cross-ribbed vaults were preserved in the elongated main choir and in the two side choirs.
The altar shows Jesus' Last Supper in the predella, above which rises a large leaded glass window instead of a central shrine as an extraordinary solution . It depicts the happenings on Good Friday. The morning sun gives the ornate biblical representation special symbolic power. The cross comes from the cemetery church. The pulpit with richly carved tracery ornamentation is also based on a design by Heideloff. The painting above the triumphal arch by Carl Heinrich Hermann from Berlin shows Christ teaching.
The baptismal font of the St. Aegidien Church has the shape of a chalice, the eight sides of which are decorated with crossed keel arch ornaments. The organ gallery with rich tracery parapets is also noteworthy.
The organ is the work of the well-known Saxon master organ builder Carl Gottlieb Jehmlich from Zwickau . It was inaugurated in 1851. Advanced sent by the company in Jehmlich in 1933 Dresden and since then has three manuals and Pedal with 57 registers and 3772 pipe on abrasive loading and cone charging with electric action . This gives it an unusual size and a special richness of sound.
- Coupling : II / I, III / I, III / II, I / P, II / P, III / P
- Playing aids : general coupling for hand and foot actuation, 3 free combinations , swell kick , crescendo roller with storage, pressure register off, tongue register off, tutti pedal, piano pedal, manual 16 ′ off.
|1||1952||Schilling bell foundry , Apolda||bronze||1222 mm||980 kg||d ′|
|2||1848||Bell foundry F. Gruhl||bronze||1071 mm||643 kg||f ′|
|3||1952||Schilling bell foundry, Apolda||bronze||894 mm||450 kg||G'|
|4th||1952||Schilling bell foundry, Apolda||bronze||789 mm||275 kg||b ′|
|5||1849, currently shut down||Bell foundry F. Gruhl||bronze||453 mm||50 kg||G"|
Pastor since 1539
Pastors / clergy
- 1539 - Buchner, Johannes
- 1564 - Friedel, Bartholomäus
- 1577 - Matthesius, Paul
- 1584 - Kleeblatt, David
- 1590 - Placke, Georg
- 1592 - Scheiner, Peter
- 1603 - Garth, Hellwig
- 1610 - Strauch, Egidius
- 1611 - Schumler, Michael
- 1617 - Kademann, Georg
- 1635 - Kundisch, Gottfried
- 1638 - Jentzsch, Johann
- 1662 - Rehebold, Elias
- 1706 - Haumbaum, Johann Moritz
- 1712 - Bosseck, Johann
- 1720 - Richter, Georg
- 1737 - Strohbach, Johann David
- 1754 - Zandt, Carl Christoph
- 1769 - Brause, Johann Carl Friedrich von
- 1792 - Gehe, Heinrich Christian
- 1808 - Steinert, Johann Gottlob
- 1823 - Election, Christian Abraham
- 1835 - Facilides, Victorin Gottfried
- 1842 - love, Friedrich Leberecht
- 1874 - Schöncke, Christian Friedrich
- 1895 - Kalich, Karl August
- 1901 - Colditz, Armin Ottokar
- 1914 - Flade, Paul Samuel Moritz
- 1922 - Michael, Gotthelf Immanuel
- 1928 - Rietschel, Johannes Ernst
- 1938 - Koppe, Friedrich * Kurt
- 1938 - Ludwig, Johannes Heinrich August Ernst
- 1940 - Seydewitz, Werner
- 1947 - Rißmann, * Johannes Wilhelm
- 1947 - Scheibner, * Hans Martin
- 1954 - Kubbutat, Hans
- 1954 - Eckert, Johannes Gerhard
- 1973 - Schumann, Hans-Christoph
- 1986 - Kupke, Martin
- current (2020) - Christof Jochem (Parish Leader)
- Evangelical Lutheran Parish of St. Aegidien Oschatz (editor): 150 years of the main and parish church of St. Aegidien after fire and destruction - Oschatz October 1849–1999 . Festschrift, Oschatz 1999
- Festschrift on the occasion of the reopening of the St. Aegidien Church in Oschatz on Sunday Exaudi 2005 . Edited by the church council of Ev.-Luth. Parish of Oschatz and the association "Rettet St. Aegidien", Oschatz 2005
- Paul Flade, Friedrich Wilhelm Mogk, Friedrich Seyfert, Ludwig Siegel: How Oschatz became Protestant and celebrated the Reformation - a contribution to the 500th anniversary of the Reformation . Oschatzer Geschichts- und Heimatverein eV (Ed.), Oschatz 2017
- The organ in the St. Aegidien Church in Oschatz. Ed .: Ev.-Luth. Parish of St. Aegidien Oschatz. Oschatz 2005
- Rainer Thümmel : Bells in Saxony . Sound between heaven and earth. Ed .: Evangelical Regional Church Office of Saxony . 2nd, updated and supplemented edition. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3-374-02871-9 , p. 341 (with foreword by Jochen Bohl and photographs by Klaus-Peter Meißner).
- Association Rettet St. Aegidien , accessed on April 13, 2020
- Parish of Oschatz , accessed on April 13, 2020
- Oschatz information , accessed on April 13, 2020
- https://www.reve24.de/oschatz/stadtkirche-st-aegidien/ , accessed on April 13, 2020
- History of the Church at www.neu-reich.de, accessed on April 20, 2016
- Fritz Löffler: The city churches in Saxony . 4th edition. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Berlin 1973, p. 228 .
- Information on the organ, accessed on April 20, 2016
- Rainer Thümmel : Bells in Saxony . Sound between heaven and earth. Ed .: Evangelical Regional Church Office of Saxony . 2nd, updated and supplemented edition. Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, Leipzig 2015, ISBN 978-3-374-02871-9 , pp. 287 (With a foreword by Jochen Bohl and photographs by Klaus-Peter Meißner).
- , accessed on April 13, 2020
- https://www.kirche-oschatz.de/ansprechpartner.html , accessed on April 13, 2020