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Theodoret ( Middle Greek Θεοδώρητος ο Κύρου , * 393 in Antioch , Syria ; † around 460 in Kyrrhos ) was Bishop of Kyrrhos and an important theologian and church historian . He is venerated as a blessed in the Eastern Churches.

Theodoret entered the Nikertai monastery near Apamea around 415 and officiated as bishop in Kyrrhos from 423. He defended the teachings of Nestorius against Cyril of Alexandria and was condemned for it in 449 at the Council of Ephesus (the so-called "synod of robbers"), but in 451 he was rehabilitated. Theodoret left a large number of works, including in particular a Greek continuation of the church history of Eusebius of Caesarea in five books, which dealt with the time up to the beginning of the Nestorian dispute.

The work is an important source because of the documentary material on the Arian controversy that has been handed down. The writings of Theodoret against Cyril of Alexandria were condemned in the context of the three chapter dispute at the Second Council of Constantinople in 553. Due to the Latin translation of his church history suggested by Cassiodorus in the 6th century, the work was received nonetheless and had a considerable effect in the Western Church in the Middle Ages .

The Church History of Theodoret was published in 1911 by Léon Parmentier as part of the Church Fathers Commission of the Berlin Academy of Sciences . The second edition (1954) was provided by Felix Scheidweiler , the third edition (1998) by Günther Christian Hansen . A new edition of Theodoret's Church History is in preparation as part of the Fontes Christiani series (Ulrich Hamm and Mischa Meier are the editors ).



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