Stolzenbach (Borken)

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Coordinates: 51 ° 0 ′ 47 "  N , 9 ° 17 ′ 43"  E
Height : 215 m above sea level NN
Area : 3.56 km²
Residents : 79  (Jul. 2018)
Population density : 22 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 1971
Postal code : 34582
Area code : 05682

Stolzenbach is a district of Borken in the north Hessian Schwalm-Eder district . It is located in a side valley of the Olmes on the state road 3152 from Dillich to Pfaffenhausen , which is called "Dillicher Straße" in town.


The Stolzenbach district has a size of 356  ha , of which 163 ha are used as forest. On the southern boundary of Dillich, the people mountain is 278 m high . The Weinkopf begins in the northern part of the district at a height of 298 m.

To the north-east of Stolzenbach is Pfaffenhausen, to the south of Dillich and to the north the core town of Borken.


Evangelical Church Stolzenbach

Stolzinbach was first mentioned in a document in 1250. Stolzenbach has been referred to as a village since 1511 . Historically, the place name appears in different variants, as can be seen in the "State Historical Information System": Stolzinbach (around 1250), Stoltenbach (1266), Stoltzenbach (1343), Stolczinbach (1361), Stoltzinbach (1370), Stoltzenbach (around 1570).

On December 31, 1971, the previously independent community was incorporated into the city of Borken (Kassel district) with seven other locations.

Population development

The data for the population development and religious affiliation come from the "Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem".

Population development
year Residents Explanation
around 1570 14th House seat
1575/85 17th House seat
1742 13 Houses
1747 14th House seat
1775 82 Residents
1834 141 Residents
1885 119 Residents
1925 125 Residents
1933 134 Residents
1939 129 Residents
1950 199 Residents
1961 173 Residents
1970 126 Residents

Around 100 people live in Stolzenbach today.


Lignite mining and mine disaster

The pit Stolzenbach lignite area Borken promoted since 1956 in underground mining from a depth of about 60 to 170 m lignite . In one of the biggest disasters in German coal mining, the Stolzenbach mine disaster on June 1, 1988, 51 miners were killed by a coal dust explosion in the Stolzenbach lignite mine . Six miners survived in an air bubble at a depth of 150 meters and were rescued on June 4th. The "Stolzenbach Aid Working Group" was founded to provide acute care for victims and auxiliary workers.

After the accident, lignite mining in the Borken region was stopped. Since then, the “ Stolzenbach mine memorial ” has been located on the outskirts of Stolzenbach .

The mine, which is now closed, is an important paleontological site for pond turtles ( Palaeoemys hessiaca and Borkenia oschkinisi ).

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Stolzenbach, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of March 27, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  2. City information - population figures. In: website. City of Borken (Hessen), archived from the original on July 23, 2018 ; accessed in July 2018 .
  3. ^ Stolzenbach - ATKIS 1: 25,000 .  In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  4. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 392 .
  5. ^ Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. fritzlar.html. (Inhabitants of Stolzenbach: 92nd community; online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  6. See also: emergency pastoral care , crisis intervention .