City of Borken (Hesse)
|Height :||177 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.74 km²|
|Residents :||318 (Jul. 2018)|
|Population density :||67 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 31, 1971|
|Postal code :||34582|
|Area code :||05682|
The place is about five kilometers east of the core town of Borken in a valley widening of the Lembach , which flows north of Lendorf into the Schwalm . Today the place has about 330 inhabitants. The district covers 474 hectares . The closest neighboring towns are Singlis (district of Borken), Uttershausen , Hebel (both districts of Wabern ), Mühlhausen and Lembach (both districts of Homberg ), going clockwise from the west .
Lendorf can be reached via the state roads 3148, 3149 and 3224. The next motorway junction is about seven kilometers away on the BAB 49 near Fritzlar . The nearest train station is in Wabern, four kilometers away.
The first verifiable mention of the place can be found as "Lintdorf" in a document from the Spieskappel monastery from 1221. The small village belonged to the Landgraviate of Hesse and in the course of its history was owned by different and changing landlords, in particular the Lords of Uttershausen , the monasteries Spieskappel and Haina , and the lords of Lendorf, Löwenstein-Westerburg and Urff . In terms of administrative law, the village mostly belonged to the Homberg district , and at times also to the court on the Efze. The later desertification of Alboldsberg is mentioned in the Middle Ages . During the short existence of the Kingdom of Westphalia , from 1807 to 1813 it belonged to the Homberg Canton and Peace Court . From 1821 it was part of the newly created district of Homberg and the Borken Justice Office, from 1932 of the Fritzlar-Homberg district (renamed Fritzlar-Homberg district in 1939), and since 1974 it has been part of the Schwalm-Eder district.
On December 31, 1971, the previously independent community was incorporated into the city of Borken (Kassel district) with seven other locations.
Until the early modern period, the inhabitants were mostly poor farmers and farm workers. Around 1490 only 12 defensive men and 8 plows are reported, and in 1537 10 Kötter (Kätner) and 2 bystanders are reported . By the end of the 16th century there were 18 house seats in the village. Before the Thirty Years' War there were 20 married men, but in 1639 there were only five and two widows. Only after the end of the war began a gradual upswing. In 1742 there were 33 houses and the number of residents rose to 220 in 1767, 280 in 1834 and 308 in 1885. Thereafter, the population stabilized until the end of World War II : in 1939 there were 321 people in the village. After the end of the war, the population grew significantly due to the settlement of bombed-out and displaced persons and reached a peak in 1950 with 552 people. But as early as the 1960s this number fell considerably due to constant emigration; in 1961 there were only 410 and in 1970 402 inhabitants.
A local pastor is mentioned as early as 1235, and a folk priest in 1260 . The church was independent and only became a subsidiary of Singlis around 1486 . The patronage was up to the Reformation the monastery Haina, from 1527 the Hessian Landgrave. An arbitration award in 1265 confirmed the patronage of Hainas, but awarded the Spieskappel Monastery, which had contributed a third of the cost of building the church, a third of the church and the churchyard.
The present church was built in 1791, financed by a donation from Georg Wittich, a former resident of Lendorf who became wealthy in London. The previous building was demolished in 1789 and probably dated from 1580. The organ from 1791 was a donation from the Lendorfer couple Werner Birner. The bell was cast in 1511 by the Homberg bell caster Kortrock. It was sold to Lohne towards the end of the Thirty Years' War , came back in 1677 after long trials, was surrendered in World War II, but was then brought back in 1948.
- Hans Wittich (1911–1984), mathematician
- Werner Ide: From Adorf to Zwesten: Local history paperback for the Fritzlar-Homberg district. Bernecker, Melsungen 1972, pp. 229-233.
- "Lendorf, Schwalm-Eder district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of November 4, 2010). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- City information - population figures. In: website. City of Borken (Hessen), archived from the original on July 23, 2018 ; accessed in July 2018 .
- Boundary Agreement of November 26, 1971 ( Memento of the original of March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 392 .