Homberg district

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Basic data
Prussian Province Hessen-Nassau
Administrative district kassel
County seat Homberg (Efze)
Inventory period 1821-1932
surface 321.1 km²
Residents 23,691 (1925)
Population density 74 inhabitants / km² (1925)
Communities 63 (1932)
Kurhessen Kr Homberg.png

The Homberg district was a Hessian and later a Prussian district in the Kassel administrative district . The county seat was Homberg (Efze) .


On August 21, 1821, the Homberg office was merged with the Borken and Raboldshausen offices to form the new Homberg district. The district was bordered in the west by the Fritzlar district , in the northeast by the Melsungen district , in the east by the Rotenburg district , in the southeast by the Hersfeld district and in the south by the Ziegenhain district and, like the Melsungen district, was without borders in the Electorate of Hesse " foreign "areas.

In the middle of the 19th century, the Homberg district comprised the two towns of Borken and Homberg and 59 villages with a total of 3,216 houses and 23,000 inhabitants. Of a total of 91,400 acres , 47,000 acres were used for agriculture and 34,000 for forestry. There were three judicial offices (courts of first instance) Homberg , Borken and Raboldshausen in the district .

On January 1, 1837, the communities Römersberg moved from the Fritzlar district to the Homberg district, also on July 5, 1843 the Unshausen community from the Melsungen district and on November 18, 1843 the Gombeth community from the Fritzlar district.

After the March Revolution , the district was dissolved on October 31, 1848 and combined with the Fritzlar and Ziegenhain districts to form the newly formed Fritzlar district, but the old districts were restored on September 15, 1851.

Kurhessen was annexed by Prussia in 1866 after the German War . As a result, the Homberg district was subordinate to the Prussian regional council of Kassel . The new district structures for the administrative district of Kassel were introduced on September 26, 1867 with the ordinance on the district constitution. The Homberg district was retained in its form. On January 1, 1908, the Homberg district comprised 2 municipalities, 60 rural municipalities and 10 manor districts. The estate districts were dissolved in the 1920s, with the new municipality of Lembach being created.

On 1 October 1932, the county Homberg was caused by the need to cost-cutting measures in the wake of the global economic crisis of 1929, during the so-called small administrative reform in Prussia with the county Fritzlar for county Fritzlar-Homberg merged based in Fritzlar. In 1974 this was combined with the districts of Melsungen and Ziegenhain to form the Schwalm-Eder district .

Population development

The following table shows the population development for the Homberg district:

year Residents
1863 23,008 (3,539 houses)
1871 21,538
1890 21,453
1900 21,378
1910 22,166
1925 23,691

District administrators

The Homberg district had the following district administrators:



Rural communities


  • Morschen, Forst, part of Kr. Homberg
  • Neuenstein
  • Neuenstein, Forst
  • Niederbeisheim, Forst, part of Kr. Homberg
  • Oberaula, forest
  • Wallenstein, Forst


Georg Landau: Description of the Electorate of Hesse . Theodor Fischer, Kassel 1842 ( PDF 42.6MB [accessed December 17, 2008]).

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Municipal directory 1910: District Homberg
  2. a b administrative history
  3. ^ A b Georg Landau: Homberg district . In: Description of the Electorate of Hesse . Theodor Fischer, Kassel 1842, p. 249–261 ( PDF 42.6MB [accessed December 17, 2008]).
  4. Ulrich Reuling : Administrative division 1821-1955. (PDF) In: Historical Atlas of Hesse. Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS), p. 176 , accessed on March 19, 2016 .
  5. a b c d Territorial changes in Germany
  6. ^ The municipalities and manor districts of the Hesse-Nassau province and their population in 1871
  7. ^ Kurfürstlich-Hessisches Hof- und Staats- Handbuch, Verlag des reformierten Waisenhauses, p. 217, Cassel 1863
  8. ^ Jochen Lengemann : MdL Hessen. 1808-1996. Biographical index (= political and parliamentary history of the state of Hesse. Vol. 14 = publications of the Historical Commission for Hesse. Vol. 48, 7). Elwert, Marburg 1996, ISBN 3-7708-1071-6 , p. 328.