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Wabern municipality
Coordinates: 51 ° 5 ′ 1 ″  N , 9 ° 20 ′ 6 ″  E
Height : 169 m above sea level NHN
Area : 5.11 km²
Residents : 576  (Jun 30, 2014)
Population density : 113 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 1971
Postal code : 34590
Area code : 05683

Uttershausen is a district of the north Hessian community of Wabern in the Schwalm-Eder district , about seven kilometers southeast of Fritzlar and two kilometers south of the core community of Wabern, on the northern edge of the Schwalm valley low and on the eastern edge of the Großenengliser Platte . The Uttershausen district has a size of around 510 hectares.


The place is first mentioned around the year 1100 in a forged document dating back to 1081, in which Archbishop Siegfried I of Mainz confirmed the donation of a hoof to "Oderadeshusun" to Hasungen Monastery, which he founded in 1074 . In another forgery made around 1200, which is backdated to 1131, Archbishop Adalbert I of Mainz confirms that Hasungen Monastery is liable to pay interest from the Church of Uttershausen. In 1197, Pope Celestine III confirmed . the monastery Spieskappel a farm in Uttershausen.

Local nobility

From at least 1108 to at least 1285 local nobility is documented who called themselves from Uhedereshusun (1108), Hottershusen (1221) and Uchterhusen (1229), but were based in Singlis or Lendorf . A Henrich of Utershausen was at the beginning of the 13th century provincial judge to maggots . An Evirhard von Utirshusen is mentioned around the same time, and Henrich and Reinhard von Otershusen are recorded in 1215. The noble free and knight Heinrich von Uttershausen is 1237, 1238, 1249, 1253 and 1257, his widow is still announced in 1285; he probably died in 1279. A Hugo and a Werner von Uttershausen are mentioned in the document from 1249 as former tithe owners in the now desolate village of Altengrüsen between Gemünden (Wohra) and Grüsen in the Waldeck-Frankenberg district.


As is widely customary, in Uttershausen a number of secular and spiritual landlords had property and rights, which they held partly simultaneously, partly one after the other, and which were mostly cascaded down by the supreme liege and then passed on, sold, pledged, inherited or exchanged. The highest feudal lords consisted of the Hersfeld Abbey and the Counts of Reichenbach and Ziegenhain, and later the Hessian landgraves , whereby this feudal lordship, as far as is known, was half. In addition to the local nobility, not only the Hasungen and Spieskappel monasteries, but also the Petersstift Fritzlar , the Teutonic Order , the Lords of Falkenberg , the Lords of Dalwigk , the Lords of Hertingshausen , the Eppenberg Charterhouse and the Hessian Hereditary Marshal Herman Riedesel owned and owned Tithe rights in Uttershausen. These intricate legal claims can no longer be clearly disentangled. The Lords of Falkenberg sold their property in Uttershausen, which at that time probably comprised the entire village, to Landgrave Ludwig I of Hesse in 1426 , but from 1485 to 1535 they were taken over by the Hersfeld Abbey with half of the Uttershauser tithe enfeoffed.

Administrative affiliation

From 1450 Uttershausen belonged to the Landgravial Office of Homberg and from 1462 to the " Court on the Schwalm ", which met at the latest from 1557 and until 1606 together with the court on the Efze in Hebel . In 1689, Landgrave Karl von Hessen-Kassel gave his wife Amalia von Kurland a tithe in Uttershausen.

With the administrative reform in the Electorate of Hesse in 1821, the village came administratively to the district of Homberg and judicially to the district court of Homberg . When the districts of Homberg and Fritzlar were merged in 1932, Uttershausen became part of the district or, from 1939, the district of Fritzlar-Homberg , which in turn became part of today's Schwalm-Eder district in 1974.


On December 31, 1971, the previously independent place Uttershausen was incorporated into the municipality of Wabern.

Church history

Uttershausen Church

A church dedicated to Simon Peter is first mentioned in 1131. Around 1319 the church of Uttershausen was an independent parish church with a pleban . The church building was erected in the years 1520–1522 as an octagonal building in the Gothic style; From this building the three-sided closed choir with four high Gothic windows with fish bubble tracery and the St. George's relief above the side entrance are still preserved. With the introduction of the Reformation in the Landgraviate of Hesse in 1526, it became Protestant. The family von Falkenberg had patronage as a Hersfeld fief until it died out in 1613. In 1569 the church of the neighboring village of Zennern was parish off to Uttershausen. From 1747 the Uttershausen church was a branch church of Hebel. Major damage, probably caused by an earthquake, made major construction work on the tower, roof and nave necessary from 1767, which were carried out in the early modern sacral style. In 1844 the church was parish off to Wabern. The church building was largely renovated and redesigned in 1965.


The village is surrounded by fertile loess soils , and agriculture has therefore always been the predominant form of livelihood. In recent times, villagers have increasingly found work as commuters in Wabern, Kassel and Borken .

The Großenengliser Platte consists largely of thick gravel and gravel sand deposits from the Tertiary and Quaternary periods , and these have been mined by several companies near Uttershausen since the 1950s. An extensive former mining area on the Tannenhöhe has been used as a large landfill for garbage since the mid-1970s . The "Schwalm-Eder disposal center" has been located there since June 2005, consisting of the landfill, on which mineral waste (soil, building rubble, asbestos etc.) can still be deposited, and a waste handling station where household waste is incinerated in the Kassel waste-to-energy plant is reloaded in large containers. Bulky waste is pre-sorted and transported to approved recycling facilities; the sorting residues are also disposed of in the waste incineration plant. At the landfill, EAM generates electricity from the resulting biogas .

Environment and sights

Environmental remediation

In the Schwalmaue below the doses Bergs a was a compensatory measure for the logistics center to the can Berg Altarm prepared. This created a new habitat for amphibians, insects, fish and birds and, at the same time, additional retention space for floods. The installation of two sleepers in the Schwalm resulted in various flow patterns and the resulting sandbanks, flat areas and steep embankments.


The gnome holes

The Wichtelöcher , on the southern slope of the Dosenberg in the Uttershausen district, are a legendary geotope on the bulging slope of the Schwalm. The corridors of the gnome holes lead up to 30 meters into the shell limestone and are easily accessible with the exception of two partially collapsed side corridors.

International partnership

A partnership with the French municipality of Lormaison (Oise) has existed since 1966 .

Population development

year 1834 1925 1939 1950 1961 1970 2007
Residents 467 500 451 703 599 640 649



  • Werner Ide: From Adorf to Zwesten. Bernecker, Melsungen 1972, DNB 730347443 , pp. 368-371.
  • Heinz Nöding (Ed.): Lormaison - Wabern-Uttershausen: 40 years / 40 years. Books on Demand, 2006, ISBN 3-8334-5016-9 .
  • Kathrin Ellwardt: The Evangelical Reformed Church in Uttershausen: An art-historical church leader. (Ed. Horst Schattner). Ev. Wabern parish , Wabern 1999, OCLC 174477583 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Landmark areas on the website of the municipality of Wabern , accessed in February 2016
  2. ^ "Inhabitants and households" on the website of the municipality of Wabern , accessed in August 2015
  3. ^ Regnerus Engelhard: Earth description of the Hessian lands of Casselischen Antheiles. Cassel, 1778, p. 427.
  4. ^ "Ulmes, Schwalm-Eder district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  5. Graphical representation of legal dependencies on the basis of a document dated February 9, 1249  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.digam.net  
  6. First mentions  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.archive.nrw.de  
  7. Werner Ide, p. 369.
  8. The monastery Haina transferred in 1279 to a Ludwig called Walt bird the former freight those of Uttershausen in Grenzebach .
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 392 .
  10. Renaturation of the Schwalmaue ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / schwalm-eder.active-city.net