Pretender to the throne
A pretender to the throne is a person who makes a claim to a throne but is not officially recognized as a monarch . This is especially true for hereditary monarchies . The presence of several pretenders to the throne was often the cause of protracted civil wars such as the Wars of the Roses in England in the 15th century or the Carlist Wars in Spain in the 19th century.
Historical pretenders to the throne (selection)
- In France , the Orléanists stood against both the Bonapartists and the Legitimists and formed a whole dynasty of pretenders.
- In Japan there were a number of "counter-emperors" of the Ashikaga clan during the Nanboku-chō period ('time of the south and north courts') , the first of which was Emperor Kōgon .
- Duke Ludwig I of Anjou was pretender to the throne of the Kingdom of Naples in 1382 and also titular emperor of the Latin Empire .
- The so-called False Mustafa , also called Küçük Mustafa ( Turkish for 'little Mustafa'), was the pretender of the Ottoman Empire against Murat II.
- Gáspár Bekes von Kornyát was from 1571 to 1576 pretender to the throne of the Principality of Transylvania .
- António von Crato failed in his attempt to secure the Portuguese crown against Philip II of Spain in 1580 .
- Charles VI was pretender to the throne in Spain before his election as emperor .
- The Spanish Carlists were a dynasty of pretenders.
- The Jacobites were a dynasty of pretenders. They failed in their attempt to establish a Roman Catholic dynasty in the United Kingdom .
- Alexander of Yugoslavia
- List of French pretenders to the throne
- List of Jacobite pretenders to the throne
- List of Carlist pretenders to the throne
- Pretender . In: Brockhaus Bilder-Conversations-Lexikon . 1st edition. Volume 3, FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1837-1841, p. 556 .
- Pretender to the throne rechtslexikon.net