In music theory , especially in harmony theory , the term “ tone set” or simply set refers to the arrangement (setting) of tones or notes in polyphonic works of music . Example: Setting up the polyphonic version of a melody is called a polyphonic set . Composition and arrangement is therefore a technical aspect of composition ; in this capacity it is the subject of syntax and part of a music course .
A specialty is historical syntax . This describes an orientation of music theory in which historical composition techniques are researched on the basis of sources and musical works and used didactically for today's practice. Historical typesetting is represented as an academic subject at universities and colleges of music , in particular at institutes for early music .
According to the different scoring of pieces of music , vocal , song , choir , instrumental , string quartet , orchestral and many other movements are differentiated, which take into account the respective tonal and technical characteristics.
A so-called strict sentence , as it was taught in harmony lessons, is rarely found in compositions. By Hugo Distler , such a strict tone set was harmony set called.
- Wulf Arlt : Sentence theory and aesthetic experience. In: Angelika Moths, Markus Jans , John MacKeown, Balz Trümpy (ed.): Music theory at its limits: New and old music. Peter Lang, Bern 2009, ISBN 978-3-03910-475-8 . Pp. 47-66.
- Martin Eybl: Sentence theory. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 4, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-7001-3046-5 .