Tsuda Mamichi

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Tsuda Mamichi
Bust of Tsudas in Tsuyama in front of the Tsuyama Yōgaku Shiryōkan ( 津 山 洋 学 資料 館 , English "Tsuyama Archives of Western Learning")

Tsuda Mamichi ( Japanese 津 田 真 道 , first name also read Masamichi or Shindō ; born June 25, Bunsei 12 / Gregorian July 25, 1829 in the province of Mimasaka (now Okayama Prefecture ); died September 3, 1903 ) was a Japanese lawyer and politician during the Meiji period .

life and work

Tsuda Mamichi was a Samurai of the Tsuyama-Han . He studied Western sciences under Mitsukuri Gempo (1799-1863) and weapons science under Sakuma Shōzan . He himself then taught these subjects at the Bakufu school, the Bansho Shirabesho . In 1862 he was sent to Holland, where he studied economics and law at the University of Leiden and made friends with Nishi Amane . - After his return in 1865, Tsuda taught at the Kaiseijō ( 開 成 所 ), the forerunner of the University of Tokyo , and with the help of his notes wrote the first work on Western law in Japan, the "Taiseikoku hō-ron".

After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, Tsuda worked as a legal adviser for various ministries. For the Ministry of Justice he formulated the Shinritsu kōryō ( 新 律 ​​綱領 ), an early penal code, for the Army Ministry the Army Penal Act . He also worked for the Foreign Ministry . In 1876 he became a member of the Genrōin . He worked as a judge. In the first election in 1890 to the House of Representatives , the lower house of the new Reichstag , he was elected in the 8th constituency of Tokyo Prefecture , joined the pro -government Taiseikai and was the first Vice-President of the House of Representatives from 1890 to 1891. From 1896 to 1903 he had a seat in the manor house , the upper house of the Reichstag.

As a member of the Meirokusha , the association of Japanese intellectuals, Tsuda played a significant role in teaching Western thought and developing modern legal principles during the Meiji period. He wrote about 30 articles for the association's Meiroku zasshi ( 明 六 雑 誌 ) magazine .


  1. Taiseikoku hō-ron ( 泰西 国法 論 ) uses the old term Taiseikoku ( 泰西 国 ) to refer to Western Europe.


  • S. Noma (Ed.): Tsuda Mamichi . In: Japan. An Illustrated Encyclopedia. Kodansha, 1993, ISBN 4-06-205938-X
  • Hunter, Janet: Tsuda Mamichi . In: Concise Dictionary of Modern Japanese History. Kodansha International, 1984. ISBN 4-7700-1193-8 .

Web links

Commons : Tsuda Mamichi  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b National Parliamentary Library : Portraits of Modern Japanese, Tsuda Mamichi (Japanese, English )