USS George HW Bush (CVN 77)
The Bush 2009 during testing
|Order||February 26, 2001|
|Keel laying||May 19, 2003|
|Launch||October 9, 2006|
|1. Period of service|
|Commissioning||January 10, 2009|
approx. 97,000 standard tons (fully loaded)
317 meters (waterline), 332.85 meters (flight deck)
40.84 meters (fuselage), 76.80 meters (flight deck)
2 nuclear reactors, 4 propellers
up to 85
The USS George HW Bush (CVN-77) is an aircraft carrier of the US Navy and is one of Nimitz-class at. As the last carrier in the class, the Bush is heavily modified compared to its sister ships and represents a technological change towards the next Gerald R. Ford class .
The length of the George HW Bush is like every carrier of the Nimitz class 317 meters at the waterline and 333 m above all, the width 40.84 meters at the hull. When fully loaded, the ship displaces approx. 97,000 standard tons. About 5680 people work on the ship, including about 3200 crew members and 2480 members of the flight squadron. The Bush can accommodate 85 aircraft.
Numerous innovations are being tested on the Bush compared to the previous Nimitz-class ships. To reduce the signal , the deck edges were rounded, the island and the antennas were clad. At the same time, the internal structure of the island was modernized to improve access to the flight deck. The structure of the hangar below deck has been optimized to enable more efficient work. The entire electrical system is divided into separately protected zones so that failures can be limited to small sections. The degree of automation has also been increased in many systems.
CVN-77 was ordered in 2001 and, as for all carriers in the class, the order was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS). The keel for the carrier was laid there on May 19, 2003, after more than three years of construction the ship was launched and was christened. Godmother was George HW Bush's daughter Dorothy Bush Koch. The Navy wanted to take over the ship in April 2008 and officially put it into service on January 10, 2009.
In early 2008, however, it became apparent that NNS was falling behind schedule; a delivery to the Navy, as contractually agreed, in April of that year was therefore just as impossible as the date set on November 11th, despite numerous overtime hours by the shipyard workers. Completion should now take place in mid-March 2009. Nonetheless, the Navy and the shipyard stuck to the date of commissioning on January 10, 2009, as George HW Bush's son George W. Bush was still acting president on that date. After that, the girder still needed about a month to build. With this, the Navy puts a ship into service before it has gone through the usual test drives. This only began in February, in April the ship should be handed over to the Navy. However, this was delayed further after debris from metal splinters and rubber-like sealing parts was found in the emergency diesel generators. It wasn't until May 11 that the Navy took over the warship.
The first flight deck operations took place on May 19, 2009. The first landing and take-off was carried out by an F / A-18F Super Hornet of the Air Test and Evaluation Squadron (VX) 23 . On June 19, the Bush returned to its shipyard to have minor problems fixed there. On January 28, 2010, she left the shipyard and began further test drives.
The George HW Bush has been stationed at Naval Station Norfolk with Carrier Air Wing Eight as an on-board squadron since 2010 . For its first operational sea voyage, the carrier and its combat group set out to sea on May 11, 2011, the mission leads to the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean.
On 10 July 2013, led drone of the type X-47B on the George HW Bush , the first complete landing (including locking the fishing hook in the suspension line) on the flight deck of an aircraft carrier at sea operating by.
On March 4, 2014, in the course of the Crimean crisis in 2014, George HW Bush called at the port of NATO partner Greece in Piraeus, which is only about an hour's flight away from Sevastopol.
On June 14, 2014, as a result of the advance of the jihadist ISIS militias in Iraq , the USS George HW Bush was dispatched to the Persian Gulf in order to be prepared for possible military strikes there. On August 8, 2014, two carrier jets attacked militia artillery pieces near the city of Erbil . This mission was the last of an EA-6B squadron of the US Navy. The last examples of this type of aircraft were decommissioned after the carrier returned in November 2014.
- USS George HW Bush official web site (english)
- NavSource Online: USS George HW Bush web page (English)
- The Virginian-Pilot: New carrier won't be done, but commissioning goes on (Engl.)
- Navy's Newest Aircraft Carrier USS George HW Bush Lands First Aircraft (Engl.)
- Northrop Grumman delivers USS George HW Bush aircraft carrier to Navy
- Carrier Strike Group 2 Embarks USS George HW Bush ( December 19, 2012 memento on WebCite )
- Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Brandon Vinson: X-47B Makes First Arrested Landing at Sea . In: NNS130710-06 . USS George HW Bush Public Affairs. July 10, 2013. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
- USS George HW Bush Arrives in Greece . (English, navy.mil ).
- USA sends aircraft carriers to the Persian Gulf. In: Spiegel Online. June 14, 2014, accessed December 2, 2014 .
- US Air Force attacks jihadist positions in Iraq. In: Spiegel Online. August 8, 2014, accessed December 2, 2014 .