USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70)
The Carl Vinson in the Pacific Ocean, 2001
|Order||April 5th 1974|
|Keel laying||October 11, 1975|
|Launch||March 15, 1980|
|1. Period of service|
|Commissioning||March 13, 1982|
approx. 97,000 standard tons (fully loaded)
317 meters (waterline), 332.85 meters (flight deck)
40.84 meters (fuselage), 76.80 meters (flight deck)
2 nuclear reactors, 4 propellers
2 Sea Sparrow and 2 Rolling Airframe starters
up to 85
The USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) is a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier in the United States Navy and the third Nimitz- class ship . Named after long-time Congressman Carl Vinson , the ship was built between 1975 and 1980 and entered service in 1982. It is currently in active service.
The Carl Vinson is 317 meters long and 40.8 meters wide at the waterline. The maximum length is 333 meters, the maximum width of the flight deck 76.8 meters. With a displacement of around 97,000 tn.l. the draft is 12.5 meters. The drive of the carrier by two pressurized water reactors of the type A4W with a capacity of approximately 100 megawatts, the four General Electric - steam turbine drive. The turbines transmit their power to four five-bladed propellers. The total power of the drive is around 280,000 shaft horsepower and enables the ship to reach a top speed of well over 30 knots .
The aircraft carrier offers space for up to 85 aircraft with which the Carrier Air Wing stationed on board is equipped. The squadron is made up of fighters and fighter bombers as well as tank , reconnaissance and submarine fighters , plus up to 10 helicopters .
Name and insignia
The USS Carl Vinson was the United States Navy's first aircraft carrier to be named after a person still alive at the time of launch. Carl Vinson , 1914-1965 deputy of the State of Georgia in the United States House of Representatives , has long been chairman of the House Naval Affairs Committee and the House Armed Services Committee , responsible for the upgrade of the US Navy. Vinson is regarded as the father of the modern US Navy, he was instrumental in the armament of the Navy before the Second World War under the Two-Ocean Navy Act , and he was a strong advocate of the construction of nuclear-powered ships at the beginning of the Cold War.
The insignia of the USS Carl Vinson shows a bald eagle , the heraldic animal of the United States. The eagle carries a banner with the inscription “Vis per mare” (strength from the sea) in its beak, its wings are stretched up. The eagle flies in front of a blue V , the initial of the namesake. The V also symbolizes the hull of the ship from the front. On the edge of the insignia are the name and the identification of the ship.
Construction and commissioning
The construction contract for the Carl Vinson was issued on April 5, 1974 to Newport News Shipbuilding in Newport News , Virginia . The keel was laid on October 11, 1975, and the ship was christened on March 15, 1980 in the presence of the namesake. The Carl Vinson was baptized by Molly Snead, a long-time friend of the congressman and carer of his wife. On February 26, 1982 the carrier was handed over to the US Navy and ceremoniously commissioned on March 13, 1982 under the command of Captain Richard Martin. On March 18, the carrier left Norfolk for a first test drive, which lasted until April 2. After another test drive from mid-April to June, during which several ports in the Caribbean were visited, the porter went to dock on August 2 for repair work in Newport News.
After completion of the shipyard work in December 1982, further test drives were carried out until the Carl Vinson set off for the first mission on March 1, 1983. With the Carrier Air Wing Fifteen on board, she left Norfolk for a circumnavigation of the world. In April 1983 she took part in several maneuvers in the Mediterranean , and in early May she circumnavigated the Cape of Good Hope . After maneuvers in the Arabian Sea , visits to ports in Australia and missions off Korea , the carrier ran under the Golden Gate Bridge on October 29, 1983 into the Bay of San Francisco , where it moored in Alameda , his new home port. In 1984 the Carl Vinson took part in several maneuvers off the US west coast, including the RIMPAC 84 . FleetEx 85 followed in October and November , in which the aircraft carriers USS Midway and USS Enterprise were also involved. After completing the maneuver, the carrier ran via Yokosuka to Subic Bay in December , where it arrived on December 24th. In January 1985, sparked Carl Vinson , the Independence at her post in the Indian Ocean off. The carrier's task was to secure the sea area in front of the Persian Gulf in the tense situation caused by the Iran-Iraq war . The Carl Vinson was relieved of the USS Constellation on April 18 and ran back to California via Australia and the Philippines, where she arrived on May 24. By the end of the year, the Carl Vinson was involved in several exercises off the US west coast.
From May 27 to June 18, 1986, the carrier was involved in the RIMPAC-86 maneuver, followed by a deployment in the North Pacific and the Bering Sea in August . After the Air Wing had practiced with live ammunition in Korea and Japan, the Carl Vinson returned to the Indian Ocean in late September, where it took part in several maneuvers. At the end of November the porter arrived in Diego Garcia . The porter spent Christmas 1986 in the port of Fremantle , Australia. After visiting the port in Singapore from January 5 to 10, 1987, the Carl Vinson took part in several maneuvers in the Bering Sea, and on February 5, she returned to Alameda. On March 24th, the carrier went into dry dock at Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard , the overhaul lasted until July 2nd. After a successful test drive on August 26, the aircraft carrier was involved in several maneuvers off the California coast. After several maneuvers off the California coast in the first half of 1988, the Carl Vinson set course for the western Pacific on June 15. On July 28, she relieved the USS Forrestal from her position in the northern Arabian Sea. On September 4th, the porter ran into the Strait of Hormuz to support Operation Earnest Will . After a brief visit to the port of Mombasa at the beginning of October, the porter returned to the Arabian Sea, where it was replaced by its sister ship Nimitz on October 29 . After making stops in Thailand, Subic Bay and Hawaii, the Carl Vinson entered the San Francisco Bay on December 16. In 1989 the carrier took part in several maneuvers, for example in September off Alaska and October off Korea, where the PACEX maneuver took place, the largest military exercise since the Second World War.
On February 1, 1990, the Carl Vinson Alameda left for the Western Pacific. After a stay in Pearl Harbor on February 15, the porter took part in the Team Spirit maneuver off Korea from February 26 to March 18 . A maneuver with the armed forces of Singapore followed in April . The fifth mission of the Carl Vinson began on April 23 in the Indian Ocean. During the mission, which lasted until June 1, the carrier took part in several maneuvers with neighboring countries. On June 12, the aircraft carrier entered Fremantle for a six-day port stay. After further maneuvers with the Royal Australian Navy , the Carl Vinson reached Subic Bay on June 28, from where it sailed via Hong Kong and Pearl Harbor to San Diego on July 1 , where the Air Wing disembarked on July 29. On July 31, the porter docked in Alameda, and on September 15, he set course for his new home port of Bremerton in the US state of Washington , where he arrived two days later. On September 29, the Carl Vinson was docked in dry dock 6 of the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard . During the following two years, the Carl Vinson was thoroughly overhauled and modernized for around 300 million US dollars. After leaving the dry dock on November 15, 1991, work continued on the shipyard's pier until the end of March 1993. In mid-April the porter relocated back to Alameda, after which the first test drives off the California coast began. In December, the carrier took part in a maneuver off the California coast for the first time since the overhaul was completed. On February 17, 1994, the Carl Vinson left for Yokosuka, where she arrived on March 11. After a port visit to Hong Kong in March, the carrier arrived in its area of operations in the Persian Gulf on April 16, where it secured the no-fly zones over southern Iraq as part of the US fleet as part of Operation Southern Watch . The Carl Vinson left the Persian Gulf on June 19 and returned to San Diego via Pearl Harbor on August 14 after visiting the ports of Fremantle and Hobart in July. After further exercises off Southern California, the porter reached its home port on October 2nd.
In May 1996 the Carl Vinson left the US coast for the Persian Gulf, where it took part in the surveillance of the Iraqi flight zones (Operation Southern Watch). She also participated in the Operation Desert Strike attack mission . The porter returned to his home port on November 14th. In 1997 the Carl Vinson was overhauled in Bremerton. In July 1998 the ship took part in the RIMPAC 98 exercise, and at the beginning of November another relocation to the Gulf followed, where the Carl Vinson again took part in the surveillance of the no-fly zones as part of Southern Watch. However, as tensions rose in the Gulf , a visit to Australia that sent Vinson straight to the Gulf was canceled . Once there, the group around the carrier in Operation Desert Fox took part in an attack on Iraqi ground positions, including the ships USS Princeton and Fitzgerald from the combat group and aircraft from the Vinson . During the subsequent enforcement of the no-fly zones, carrier aircraft take off regularly - almost 8,700 times during the relocation. The aircraft carrier left the Gulf on March 22, 1999 and returned via Fremantle and Hobart to Bremerton, where it arrived on May 6. From July 1999 to June 2000, the Carl Vinson was overhauled in the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard for 230 million US dollars in dry dock.
In 2001, the Vinson left her home port of Bremerton to support Operation Southern Watch in the Persian Gulf , again to monitor the no-fly zones over Iraq. However, after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 , the operational plan was changed. The Vinson was sent into the Arabian Sea, from where the first attacks on Afghanistan as part of Operation Enduring Freedom were flown. In early 2002, the carrier reached the US west coast, where it went to the shipyard for the remainder of the year. In February 2003 the Carl Vinson relocated again. While a large part of the US armed forces participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom, the Vinson drove in the western Pacific to show presence there, made numerous port visits and took part in exercises.
After local operations in 2004, the carrier relocated in 2005; The destination should be Norfolk, where an overhaul was on the agenda. In March, the ship reached the Persian Gulf, from where the Iraqi Freedom planes attacked positions in Iraq. After more than 6500 launches, the Vinson was withdrawn from the Gulf in July and sailed through the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean to the US east coast. From November 11, 2005 to July 11, 2009, the carrier underwent an RCOH (Refueling and Complex Overhaul) in its shipyard , a modernization with replacement of the fuel rods of the nuclear drive. The cost was over $ 3.1 billion. Thereafter, the ship's new home port will be San Diego (California). Before the shipyard stay, the Carrier Air Wing Nine (CVW-9) was stationed on the Carl Vinson , from 2010 the CVW-17 will then be used on the Carl Vinson .
In early January 2010, the Vinson left Norfolk to move to the Pacific. After the severe earthquake in Haiti , however, she was sent off the coast of the region around Port-au-Prince to be able to use her helicopters to transport aid to land. Drinking water was also provided (the desalination plant on board can desalinate up to 1.5 million liters of seawater per day). The USS Higgins and Bunker Hill support the aircraft carrier. On February 1, 2010, the Vinson ended its use.
After completing the humanitarian operation off Haiti, the carrier set course for Naval Station Mayport , from where it sailed south on February 8, 2010. After visiting the port in Rio de Janeiro at the end of February, the Vinson crossed the Strait of Magellan in mid-March , visited Callao at the end of March and entered its new home port of San Diego on April 12th. During the second half of 2010, the porter took part in several exercises and maneuvers in the Eastern Pacific.
On Veterans Day 2011 (November 11), a basketball game of the NCAA college league took place on the ship . In front of 8111 spectators, including President Barack Obama with his wife Michelle , the North Carolina Tar Heels won 67:55 against the Michigan State Spartans .
On January 9, 2012 the Carl Vinson arrived as the first of two aircraft carriers (in front of the USS Abraham Lincoln ) in the Arabian Sea . According to official information, she only replaced John C. Stennis, who was recalled from the region in December 2011 . A connection with the threat to block the Strait of Hormuz by Iran in December 2011 has not been ruled out by the US military. From the end of October 2014 to the end of March 2015, Carl Vinson was involved in Operation Inherent Resolve . In April 2017 the Carl Vinson left Singapore with an association of American and Japanese escort ships. It was thought that the porter was heading for the Korean peninsula. On April 19, the Pacific Command announced that the Carl Vinson first went to the north coast of Australia to take part in maneuvers with the Australian Navy. Currently (May 2018) she is moored at the San Diego Naval Supply Center Nia , Coronado, CA.
USS Carl Vinson commanders while on duty:
|rank||Surname||Beginning of the appointment||End of appointment|
|Captain||Richard Lee Martin||March 13, 1982||July 30, 1983|
|Captain||Thomas Alexander Mercer||July 30, 1983||March 20, 1986|
|Captain||George Donoghue O'Brien, Jr||March 20, 1986||April 14, 1989|
|Captain||Doyle John Borchers II||April 14, 1989||March 28, 1992|
|Captain||John Scott Payne||March 28, 1992||October 7, 1994|
|Captain||Larry Clifford Baucom||October 7, 1994||January 29, 1997|
|Captain||David Mark Crocker||January 29, 1997||November 8, 1999|
|Captain||Bruce Waid Clingan||November 8, 1999||October 6, 2001|
|Captain||Richard Burton Wren||October 6, 2001||May 14, 2004|
|Captain||Kevin Michael Donegan||May 14, 2004||October 5, 2006|
|Captain||Walter Edward Carter Jr.||October 5, 2006||July 7, 2009|
|Captain||Bruce Hicks Lindsey||July 7, 2009||December 2, 2011|
|Captain||Kent David Whalen||December 2, 2011||September 1, 2014|
|Captain||Karl Owen Thomas||September 1, 2014||May 31, 2016|
|Captain||Douglas Charles Verissimo||May 31, 2016|
On April 21, 2017, an F / A-18E crashed into the Celebes Sea while approaching . The pilot was able to save himself with the ejection seat and was brought back on board by helicopter.
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