Treaty of Shimoda

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Treaty of Shimoda

The Treaty of Shimoda ( Russian : Симодский договор ( Simodski dogowor ) or Симодский трактат ( Simodski traktat ); Japanese日 露 和 親 条約nichiro washin jōyaku ) is a trade, shipping and border- drawing agreement between Japan and Russia . It was closed on February 7, 1855 in the Japanese city of Shimoda . The signatories were Kawaji Toshiakira for Japan and Admiral Evfimi Putyatin for Russia .

The treaty marks the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two states. Part of the contract specified the limited opening of the three ports of Nagasaki , Shimoda and Hakodate in order to supply the Russian fleet with water and wood .

Furthermore, the treaty stipulated the course of the Russian-Japanese border: the Kuril Islands north of and including Urup were declared Russian territory and the islands south of and including Etorofu were declared Japanese territory. Sakhalin Island became common property. Due to the resulting disputes between Russian and Japanese settlers in the following years, the border issue was regulated more precisely by the Treaty of Saint Petersburg in 1875 .

Today the treaty is decisive for the Japanese position in the Kuril conflict .


  • Edgar Franz: Philipp Franz Von Siebold and Russian Policy and Action on Opening Japan to the West in the Middle of the Nineteenth Century. German Institute for Japanese Studies. Judicium Verlag, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-89129-871-4 .
  • Yevgeny Zhukov and others: Sowetskaja istoritscheskaja enziklopedija: Tom 12. Sowetskaja enziklopedija, Moscow 1969, col. 410 (Russian).