Front tongue vowel

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Front tongue vowels are vowels in which the tongue is as far forward as possible without creating a narrowing that resulted in a consonant. The front tongue vowels are:

Effect on the preceding consonants

In the history of many Indo-European languages , front tongue vowels changed preceding velar consonants to palatal , postalveolar, or alveolar consonants. There were similar changes in many other languages, for example Japanese . Historical palatalization is reflected in the spelling of some European languages, including c and g in Italian , Spanish, and French , k in Norwegian and Swedish, and γ in Greek .

Before the back vowel Before front tongue vowel
English "C" call [kɒl] cell [sɛl]
English "G" gall [gɒl] gel [dʒɛl]
French "C" calque [lime] celà [sɞla]
French "G" gare [gɑʁ] gel [ʒɛl]
Italian "C" cara [kaɾa] ciao [tʃao̯]
Italian "G" gallo [gallo] genere [ˈdʒɛnɛɾɛ]
Swedish "K" karta [kɑ: rta] kär [ɕær]
Swedish "G" [go:] gick [jik]