Wallburg on the Bollberg
|Wallburg on the Bollberg|
|Creation time :||9th century|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, spur location|
|Conservation status:||Wall remains|
The Spornburg on the Bollberg is located in the west of the city of Halver in the Spornlage on the Bollberg between the Ennepe and the Hartmeckebach . The castle is about 50 m above the river Ennepe. The plant forms an oval ring. In the south there is a strong earth wall with a pointed ditch hewn into the rock . In the north there is a terrace with an upstream ditch . Part of the wall was destroyed by a quarry in the north. The only access is in the southwest.
Researchers such as PD Frommann or Wilhelm Claas assumed that the Wallburg is of Saxon origin. Justus Schellewald called the facility the Sachsenring . Even Alfred Kröner described him as Sachsenring, Carolingian-Ottoman origin .
Today, through more detailed investigations and excavations by Rolf Gensen and Manfred Sönnecken under the direction of August Stieren , Münster, 1953, it is proven that it was a Franconian foundation from the 9th century. Badorf ceramics were found among others . According to Stieren, the type of castle is one of the extension castles that Charlemagne or his successors had built for security. In addition to the Saxon-Franconian border, the old road from Wipperfürth to Breckerfeld , which crossed the Ennepe below the Bollberg, was probably secured .
According to local reports, in later times the complex served as a refuge for the nearby Curtis Stieneichhofen , whose villication was the property of the noble St. Gereon monastery in the late Middle Ages . During the excavations, a layer of charcoal was discovered in the gate area, which indicates a fire that can probably be attributed to acts of war.
- Alfred Jung: Halver and Schalksmühle - investigation and thoughts on the settlement history of the Halver Office, an old parish in the Saxon-Franconian border area , Volume 13 of the series Altenaer Posts - Works on the history and regional studies of the former County of Mark and the Märkischer Kreis , 1978, p. 40-44
- Entry by Stefan Eismann zu Bollberg in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- PD Frommann: From the history of the Grafschaft Mark , Hagen, 1956, p. 25
- Wilhelm Claas in Sauerländischer Gebirgsbote, year 1950, pp. 20f
- Justus Schellewald: From the prehistory of Halvers , Halver, 1898, p. 10
- Alfred Kröner: Handbook of the historical sites of Germany, Vol. III, North Rhine-Westphalia , Stuttgart, 1970