Wiener Platz (Cologne)
The Wiener Platz is a square in the east of the Rhine in Cologne district of Muelheim . It is the central square both in the district and in the Cologne-Mülheim district and an important transport hub. This is where the Mülheim district town hall is located .
The square is at the starting point of Frankfurter Strasse, which, together with the Clevischer Ring that ends on the other side of the square, is part of the federal road 8 . The federal highway 51 , which also runs here, leads from the nearby Mülheimer Rheinbrücke over the Clevischer Ring, where it turns a few hundred meters further north into Berliner Straße. Bergisch Gladbacher Strasse, also called Bundesstrasse 506 , also begins at Wiener Platz.
Until 1938 the square was still called "Oscarplatz". It was after the annexation of Austria to the German Reich renamed "Wiener Platz". In addition, the name is intended to recall the Congress of Vienna in 1814/15, when the borders of Europe were redefined after Napoleon's defeat.
At the end of the 1990s, the square that had been crossed by the B 8 was redesigned; since then the streets have bypassed the square that became a pedestrian zone. In 1998 a small shopping mall was built opposite the town hall . On Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays there is a weekly market on Wiener Platz. The Mülheim Christmas market takes place here in the run-up to Christmas . The square has been monitored with 5 cameras since the beginning of December 2019. The recordings are stored for 2 weeks.
The Cologne Stadtbahn has an important transfer point at Wiener Platz. The above-ground stop between the square and Clevischer Ring is served by line 4; The very flat underground station , built in 1997 and located directly under Wiener Platz, is the stopping point for lines 13 and 18, which go a few meters west of the station up a ramp to the Mülheimer Brücke.
The local lines 151, 152, 153, 159 and 171 stop at two bus platforms on the east side of the square in Genovevastraße and the city bus lines 150, 155 and 156 and the national lines 250 (Cologne Main station - Solingen via Leverkusen ), 260 (Cologne main station - Remscheid via Wermelskirchen ) and 434 (Cologne-Mülheim - Bergisch Gladbach via Odenthal ), also the night bus line N26 (Cologne main station - Wermelskirchen). There is a taxi stand on the east side of Wiener Platz on Eulenbergstrasse. There are multi-storey car parks directly north of the square in Genovevastrasse (above ground) and south of the square in Jan-Wellem-Strasse (underground). A route of the supraregional cycling network NRW leads over Wiener Platz.
Until 1909, near Wiener Platz, on Buchheimer Strasse, were the stations of the Cologne-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft (CME, Cologne – Duisburg line , opened in 1845) and the Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahngesellschaft (BME, lines to Elberfeld and Bergisch Gladbach opened in 1868 - Lindlar ). After the nationalization of the railway companies, the construction of a common train station began in 1903 at the current location on Frankfurter Strasse, which went into operation in 1909. The old station buildings on Buchheimer Strasse were demolished.
- Mülheim history workshop: 2006: 100 years of the Catholic primary school in Horststrasse . Bernhard Kempkes, pp. 26-33. (* .pdf)
- Picture book Cologne
- Kölner StadtAnzeiger (February 18, 2013)