It comprises the following administrative units at the provincial level:
- Xinjiang ( 新疆 , Xīnjiāng )
- Gansu ( 甘肃 , Gānsù )
- Ningxia ( 宁夏 , Níngxià )
- Shaanxi ( 陕西 , Shǎnxī )
- Qinghai ( 青海 , Qīnghǎi )
These provinces and autonomous regions are all west of the Hēihé-Téngchōng line and are for the most part characterized by a large area and low population density. Some of them are inhabited by national minorities, with the Han Chinese in the majority in the big cities .
All of these areas are located far from the sea and some have a very pronounced continental climate with little rainfall.
- Term “Xibei (西北 / 西北)”, Chinese: zdic.net on zdic.net; accessed on February 19, 2018