Neue Marck colliery

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Neue Marck colliery
General information about the mine
other names Zeche Neumark
Zeche Neumarck
Zeche Neumarker Stollen
Mining technology Underground mining
Information about the mining company
Start of operation 1733
End of operation 1791
Successor use United Kirschbaum & Neumark colliery
Funded raw materials
Degradation of Hard coal
Geographical location
Coordinates 51 ° 26 '39.6 "  N , 7 ° 11' 42.5"  E Coordinates: 51 ° 26 '39.6 "  N , 7 ° 11' 42.5"  E
Zeche Neue Marck (Regional Association Ruhr)
Neue Marck colliery
Location of the Neue Marck colliery
Location Weitmar
local community Bochum
Independent city ( NUTS3 ) Bochum
country State of North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
District Ruhr area

The colliery New Marck in Bochum district Weitmar is a former coal mine . The mine was also known under the names Zeche Neumark , Zeche Neumarck and Zeche Neumarker Stollen . The mine was already in the early 18th century without mining law awarding operated.


The beginnings

Around 1733, a tunnel was set up on the Holtbrügger Wiese in the Linden Valley . Today Neuhofstraße is located in this area. This tunnel was named Alter Neu Marcker Stolln , it was also simply called Oberstolln . The mine was already in operation before 1750. Over the years, operations came to a standstill. On October 17, 1755, the shift supervisor Johann Heinrich Schawacht gave the courage to the mine. In the courtesy note it was noted that the muted seam had been built years ago. However, the coveted pit field was not awarded. In 1770 the tunnel had meanwhile been broken . In 1775, the assumption was made for a seam that had already been mined several years ago. On March 8, 1781, a renewed request was made, and at the same time, the right to a tunnel was requested. As Muter the layer Johann Heinrich shaving guard and went this time on Johann Heinrich Heukamp, Vice Berg writer Schmalenberg. The seam was then for days while measured , but this time was no award certificate issued. Nevertheless, the trades were approved to start mining operations.

The other years

In 1783 a new tunnel was opened . This tunnel, which was located east of Hattinger Strasse, was set lower than the old tunnel. On June 16, 1784, the head of the Brandenburg mining authority district, Freiherr vom Stein , wanted to drive into the mine . However, it was not possible to drive into the tunnel. The reason for this was the small height distance to Hattinger Straße. For this reason it was not possible to drive under Hattinger Strasse. At this point in time, a small amount of coal was being extracted from the tunnel via the lower lying Rösche . On this day, vom Stein took a look at the newly set up tunnel instead of driving through the old tunnel. Vom Stein provided information on the condition and performance of the mine in his protocol. In his protocol, he particularly criticized the non-navigable mine workings . The mine was surveyed in 1787 . Around 1790 a deeper tunnel was excavated 800 meters northeast of the old tunnel. This tunnel was called the Neumarcker Tiefer Stollen or Neu-Marker Erbstollen . It had a final length of 494 meters and was located west of today's street "An der Holtbrügge". On July 18 of 1791 consolidated the mines New Marck and cherry for colliery Kirschbaum & Neumark .

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f g h Joachim Huske : The coal mines in the Ruhr area. Data and facts from the beginning until 2005 (= publications from the German Mining Museum Bochum. 144). 3rd revised and expanded edition. Self-published by the German Mining Museum, Bochum 2006, ISBN 3-937203-24-9 .
  2. a b c d e f Kurt Pfläging: Stein's journey through the coal mining industry on the Ruhr. 1st edition. Geiger Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1999, ISBN 3-89570-529-2 .
  3. ^ Wilhelm Hermann, Gertrude Hermann: The old collieries on the Ruhr. 4th edition. Publishing house Karl Robert Langewiesche, successor Hans Köster, Königstein i. Taunus 1994, ISBN 3-7845-6992-7 .

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