The term confectioner style denotes an architectural style that is characterized by a lush decoration of the building surface, which is therefore perceived as exuberantly monumental or as exaggerated or anachronistic ornamental . The decoration is not considered to fit harmoniously into a coherent whole, but is viewed as being attached.
The name is derived from the superficial and finely decorated products of the confectioners . In architecture, the origin is seen in the increasing decoupling or independence of the facade design from the structural logic of the building. This goes hand in hand with the professional division between architectural draftsman (architect) and civil engineer, which can be observed especially at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
Applications of the term
As a wedding-cake style in particular, the architecture of is socialist classicism called. However, the term was already being used by commentators in other countries in relation to historicist and eclectic architecture, when the Soviet Union was still open to avant-garde architecture (including constructivism ) as an expression of its revolutionary program.
In a broader sense, the term means the architecture of historicism and eclecticism . With the buzzword confectioner style z. B. denotes the neo-Gothic New Town Hall built in Munich from 1867–1909 ; the neo-Romanesque-Byzantine basilica Sacré-Cœur de Montmartre in Paris, built 1875–1914 ; or the buildings of Catalan modernism ( Antoni Gaudí's Sagrada Família basilica, begun in 1882 and still unfinished ; Lluís Domènech i Montaner's Palau de la Música Catalana from 1905-08).
In Italy, the Stilo Coppedè of the 1910s and 1920s is known as the confectioner's style , whereby the architecture created here is heavily based on the Liberty style , the Italian direction of Art Nouveau . Postmodern buildings with a playful design language are also assigned the catchphrase, such as Herbert Maierhofer's art rest stop Illertal-Ost (1996/97) or works by Friedensreich Hundertwasser . In addition, the very ornamental architectural style widespread at the beginning of the 20th century on some Caribbean islands ( above all Cuba , Haiti ) is called this.
- Lexicon of World Architecture. Munich 1992, p. 703.
- Franz Kotteder: Walks in Munich Merian, 2017, p. 29.
- confectioners in fast motion. In: Spiegel Online , October 7, 2013.
- Kirk, Terry: The architecture of modern Italy. 2 vol., Vol. 2: Visions of utopia, 1900-present. New York 2005, pp. 28-30.
- Jürgen Pander: A7 - Germany's average. In: Spiegel Online , November 15, 2007.
- Klaus Witzeling: The world beautifier . In: Hamburger Abendblatt , August 2, 2004.
- Andrea Kümpfbeck: This Cuba - does that still exist? In: Augsburger Allgemeine , December 15, 2015
- Baedeker Cuba. 2017, p. 69.
- Ashley Harrell, Kevin Raub: Lonely Planet Dominican Republic. P. 255.