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The Moskva in the river basin of the Volga

The Moskva in the river basin of the Volga

Water code RU09010101012110000023004
location Moscow Oblast , Smolensk , Moscow ( Russia )
River system Volga
Drain over Oka  → Volga  → Caspian Sea
source in the Smolensk Heights
55 ° 29 ′ 27 ″  N , 35 ° 24 ′ 4 ″  E
Source height 270  m above sea level Baltic Sea
muzzle at Kolomna in the Oka coordinates: 55 ° 4 '31 "  N , 38 ° 50' 43"  E 55 ° 4 '31 "  N , 38 ° 50' 43"  E
Mouth height 100  m above sea level Baltic Sea
Height difference 170 m
Bottom slope 0.34 ‰
length 502 km
Catchment area 17,600 km²
Drain MQ
150 m³ / s
Left tributaries Gniluscha , Rusa , Jausa , Neglinnaja , Presnja , Istra , Nerskaja
Right tributaries Shusha , Gorodnja , Setun , Kolomenka , Severka , Pachra
Reservoirs flowed through Moshaisk reservoir
Big cities Moscow, Zhukovsky , Kolomna
Medium-sized cities Moshaisk , Krasnogorsk , Dzerzhinsky , Lytkarino , Ramenskoye , Voskressensk
Small towns Zvenigorod , Bronnitsy
Communities Kolomenskoye
Navigable to 210 km from the mouth
Ice cream on the Moskva River in Moscow city center by the Kremlin

Ice cream on the Moskva River in Moscow city center by the Kremlin

The Moskva ( Russian Москва́ [mʌs'kva] listen to ? / I ; also known as Moscow or, outdated, Moscow River ) is a 502 km long left tributary of the Oka in the European part of Russia . Audio file / audio sample


The river , which belongs to the catchment area of the Volga , has its source in the Smolensk Heights ; from there it flows through the central Russian oblasts of Smolensk and Moscow as well as the city of Moscow and flows into the Oka .

From its headwaters , in which the Smolensk Heights rise up to 311 m, the Moskva flows initially in a north-westerly direction, then in a north-easterly direction and then in an easterly direction. After flowing through the Moshaisk reservoir and some cities, it reaches the Russian capital Moscow, which is the largest city on the river and was named after it. The river crosses Moscow in a north-west-south-east direction in numerous meanders . At the Moscow Kremlin , the river and the water diversion channel form an artificial island . The river banks and adjacent parks (e.g. Gorky Park or the Sparrow Hills ) are among the most important recreational areas in the Russian capital. About 120 km southeast of the metropolis , the Moskva flows into the Oka near Kolomna .


The Moskva has been developed for inland shipping . Among other things, there has been a 126 km long canal connection north to the Volga ( Moscow Canal ) since 1937 . There are several ports in Moscow. In addition, numerous excursion boats and scheduled boats operate on the river.

Images of the river

Web links

Commons : Moskva  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  3. a b c Article Moskva in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D078402~2a%3D~2b%3DMoskwa
  4. Moskva in the State Water Register of the Russian Federation (Russian)