The staking out is the transfer of planning and marking of predetermined dimensions and geometric points to an area or land .
Before the construction of a structure is created, the person who does the staking out (depending on the building law requirements, a surveyor , often also the site manager or a construction worker involved) calculates and measures the exact position (sometimes also the height ) of the future corner points. These are replaced by a color measuring mark, nail or peg marks . In relation to these corner points, a so-called batter board is often erected, which is used to mark the later building edges.
Also in other construction trades, such as B. in traffic route construction or in supply or disposal systems (gas, water, electricity, telecommunications, sewage), the stakeout is used. In this case, essential points, such as the course of the main axis , secondary axes, pipeline routes or pipeline elements that are not visible on the surface (e.g. sleeves) are staked out on the site.
Usual layout methods are:
- orthogonal staking out
- polar staking out (with a total station using polar coordinates )
- Alignment (geodesy)
- DGPS (differential GPS) .
- Development history of the axis staking out in traffic route construction
- Building surveying , building theodolite