Akoli Daouel

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Akoli Daouel (* 1937 in Ingall ; also Akoly Daouel ) is a Nigerien politician, journalist and entrepreneur.


Akoli Daouel belongs to the Tuareg ethnic group and comes from a family of transhumant ranchers. He trained as a nurse, administrative specialist and teacher. Daouel began his professional career as director of the state tourism office. In 1970 he became a member of the Nigerien Progressive Party (PPN-RDA) in the National Assembly . As a representative of parliament, he sat on the program committee of Radio Niger. In 1974 the National Assembly and the PPN-RDA were dissolved as a result of a coup. Daouel's wife ran a travel agency from 1975, which, with Sahara travel, was a driving force behind Nigeria's tourism. A few years later Mano Dayak expanded the branch of adventure travel through the desert. Akoli Daouel himself took on various functions in the media sector for the new rulers under Seyni Kountché . First he worked as program director of the state radio station Voix du Sahel , then from 1981 as director of the newly founded state television Télé Sahel . In 1985 he changed industry and became general manager of the mining company Société Minière du Niger.

In the years of democratic upheaval following the death of the head of state Seyni Kountché, Akoli Daouel founded two parties that had their main power in the Tuareg-inhabited north of the country: in December 1990 the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS-Amana) and in May 1992 the Party for National Unification and Democracy (PUND-Salama). For the UDPS-Amana, Daouel took part in the national conference of 1991, which set the course for Niger's multi-party system . He worked as a functionary for Amadou Cheiffou of the Democratic and Social Assembly Party (CDS-Rahama), who was Prime Minister of a transitional government from 1991 to 1993. In August 1992, Daouel was temporarily arrested and interrogated by the Tuareg paramilitary organization Liberation Front des Aïr and Azawad (FLAA), which had started carrying out attacks on security forces and government institutions in 1991. Among those arrested were other prominent Tuaregs such as the Minister Mohamed Moussa , the Prefect of Agadez and the Sub-Prefect of Arlit . Akoli Daouel subsequently served as CEO of the mining company Société Nigérienne de Charbon d'Anou Araren (SONICHAR). He was a member of the Council of Elders, which was convened in 1996 after Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara's coup d'état , and became Minister of Agriculture and Livestock under Baré Maïnassara. He held this office until 1997. After Baré Maïnassara was killed in a 1999 coup led by Daouda Malam Wanké , Daouel was appointed to the Consultative Council. In this body, which, like the Council of Wise Men four years earlier, was to exercise advisory functions during a transition period, Daouel headed the Commission for Rural Development and the Environment. Once again he was rewarded with a ministerial position: in the first government after the transition period, he served as Minister for Water Resources from 2000 to 2001 under President Mamadou Tandja and Prime Minister Hama Amadou .

When President Tandja sought a third term in office that was not provided for in the constitution in 2009 and to this end switched off the parliament and the constitutional court, Akoli Daouel and his party PUND-Salama were initially among Tandja's opponents. With the increasing consolidation of the president's power, Daouel moved to his camp. When Tandja was overthrown by the military under Salou Djibo in 2010 , Daouel tried to join the victorious opposition alliance led by the Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS-Tarayya), which, however, refused to allow him to join. In the parliamentary elections of 2011 , the PUND-Salama failed to make it into the National Assembly.

Individual evidence

  1. Ingay Issoufou: Situation pastorale au Niger et en Afrique de l'Ouest: la parole aux acteurs. Interview de M. Elh Akoli Daouel ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . AgriCultures Network website, accessed October 25, 2012. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / subscriptions.leisa.info
  2. a b c Daouel, Akoli . In: Abdourahmane Idrissa and Samuel Decalo: Historical Dictionary of Niger . 4th ed., Scarecrow, Plymouth 2012, ISBN 978-0-8108-6094-0 , pp. 169-170.
  3. Marko Scholze: Modern nomads and hawkers: Tuareg and tourism in Niger . Lit, Münster 2009, ISBN 978-3-8258-0716-0 , p. 143.
  4. UA 275/92 - Niger: legal concern / fear of ill-treatment: Mohamed Moussa, Akoli Daouel, Moctar el Incha, Alhassane Dogo, Elias el Mahadi, Alhadji Kane, Rabdouane Mohamed and many others, including some children (includes correction) . Amnesty International website , published September 1, 1992, accessed October 25, 2012.