al-Muqtadir ( Arabic أبو الفضل المقتدر بالله جعفر بن أحمد المعتضد, DMG Abū l-Faḍl al-Muqtadir bi-'llāh Ǧaʿfar b. Aḥmad al-Muʿtaḍid ; * 895 ; † 932 ) was the eighteenth Caliph of the Abbasid (908-932).
With Abu l-Fadl Jafar ibn al-Mutadid al-Muqtadir, a son of al-Mutadid , the rapid internal dissolution of the caliphate began . Immediately after taking office, he had to fight off a revolt by his cousin Ibn al-Mutazz, but was saved by the eunuch al-Munis al-Muzaffar.
Above all, the neglect of government business by al-Muqtadir, the rapid change of 13 viziers and the lavish court rulings seriously damaged the reputation of the Abbasids. Actual power was exercised by the eunuch al-Munis (908-933), who controlled the troops and the government. This made it possible to maintain the administration to some extent.
After the caliphs had already lost much of their political power, the spiritual leadership of the Abbasid caliphs was now also being challenged. After the fall of the Aghlabids (909), the Ismaili Fatimid dynasty came to power in Ifrīqiya (now Tunisia ) . Their rulers claimed the title of caliph and actively sought the overthrow of the Abbasids until the 11th century . The Umayyads of Cordoba , who proclaimed a caliphate in 929 following the example of the Fatimids , were not a threat to the Abbasids in Baghdad .
During the reign of al-Muqtadir, the Volga Bulgarians adopted Islam on the central Volga in 922 . This was the first time that Islam was accepted by peoples who were not within the limits of the old caliphate.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Abu l-Fadl Jafar ibn al-Mutadid al-Muqtadir|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||eighteenth Abbasid Caliph (908-932)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||895|
|DATE OF DEATH||932|